Pecking Like a Rooster, Looking Around Like a Fox, Squatting Like a Monkey
Based on the ḥadīth of Abū Hurayrah when he was advised by the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) concerning various etiquettes of ṣalāh.
My friend (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) forbade me that I should peck in my prayer like the pecking of a rooster, that I should look about like the looking about of a fox, and that I should squat like the squatting of the monkey.
The following except is taken from the book: Sharḥ Sifah Salatin-Nabī (Pg: 263) - The Explanation of the Prophet's Prayer Described (of Imām Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī) by Dr. Muḥammad Ibn ʿUmar Bazmūl.
- The first description: A squatting which is like that of the dog and the monkey; that the person erects his shins and attaches his buttocks to the ground. This description is done when rising from the sujūd to the qiyām (standing); you sit upon this (your buttocks) then you stand upon that (your feet), squatting like the squatting of the dog which has been prohibited.
- The second description: The squatting of the dog; that his knees are on the ground and his feet are on the ground while he attaches his buttocks to the ground between the shins while sitting between the two prostrations or in sitting for the Tashahhud. This squatting is like the squatting of the dog.
- The third description: That his knees are upon the ground and his shins are spread. His feet are erected and he places his buttocks upon his heels. This type is permissible in the sitting between the two prostrations and it is not permissible in any other sitting in the prayer. The proof for the permissibility of sitting on the feet is that which has come on the authority of Taawus saying: “We spoke to Ibn ʿAbbās concerning sitting on the feet (in the prayer), and he said: ‘It is the Sunnah!’ So we said to him: ‘Verily we see it as being reprehensible for the man.’ He said: ‘Rather, it is the Sunnah of your Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam)’” [Muslim recorded it in the Book of Mosques and Places of Prayer, Chapter: The Permissibility of Sitting Upon the Feet; Ḥadīth number 536.] On the authority of Muḥammad ibn ‘Ajlān, that Abū Az-Zubayr informed him that he saw ʿAbdullāh Ibn ʿUmar, when he would prostrate, that whenever he would raise his head from the first prostration, he would squat upon the tips of his toes. He said that it is from the Sunnah. al-Bayḥaqī recorded it in Al-Sunan al-Kubrā 2/119 and al-Albānī, may Allāh have mercy upon him, authenticated it (in Silsilah Al-Aḥadīth Al-Ṣaḥīḥah 1/120) saying: “So in this ḥadīth and in these narrations is evidence for the legislation of the aforementioned squatting, that it is a Sunnah to be followed and it is not (simply) due to an excuse as some of the rigid ones assume.”
Translated by Raha ʿAzīzudīn Batts