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Benefit: The Ruling on Female Doctors Tending to Male Patients and Vice-Versa

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: What is your opinion on female dentists tending to men? Is it permissible, knowing that there are male dentists in the same region?

Answer: We have attempted and tried many times with the authorities to segregate the male doctors for the men and the female doctors for the women, in the field of dentistry and other than it (from the health sciences), this is (how it should be in) truth. The woman is an ʿAwrah (vulnerable, i.e. to exposure, if uncovered) and a fitnah (trial) except those who Allāh bestows his mercy upon.

So that which is required is to assign female doctors specifically for the women and male doctors specifically for the men except in cases of necessity, like if a man were sick and there were no male doctors available, then there is no problem (i.e. if a female doctor tends to him). Allāh mentions:

 وَقَدْ فَصَّلَ لَكُمْ مَا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِلا مَا اضْطُرِرْتُمْ إِلَيْهِ
While He (Allāh) has explained in detail to you what He has forbidden you, excepting that to which you are compelled.
[Surah al-Anʿām, 6:119]

So for other than necessity’s sake, it is required for there to be male doctors for men and female doctors for women, and for them to be in separate quarters, or hospitals specifically for the men and vice-versa so that we may avoid trials and harmful free-mixing, this is what is required from us all.

Imām ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz (raḥimahullāh)

Source: al-Mawqiʿ al-Rasmī li-Masāḥah al-Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz: Aḍāb al-Qabr wa Naʿīmahū: Ḥukm Taḍbīb al-Marʾat lil-Rijāl.
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Tags: Fatāwá

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