Benefit: Regarding Someone Who Knowingly Committed an Act That Nullified His Islām in Private

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In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

QUESTION: Regarding someone who knowingly committed an act that nullified his Islām in private, does he consider himself to have left the religion, and that he needs to utter the testimony of faith again (i.e. retake his shahādah)?  And what about the prayers and fasting that he missed up until he retook his shahādah - does he make them up or not? 

ANSWER: (by Shaykh Muḥammad ʿUmar Bāzmūl, Professor of Higher Studies at Umm al-Qurá University in Makkah):

بسم الله 
الذي وقع في ناقض مع القدرة وعدم المانع فإنه يكفر، وعليه أن يجدد إسلامه والعبادات التي مرت عليه أثناء ذلك لا يلزمه القضاء فيها، والله اعلم.
أخوكم محمد بازمول

In the Name of Allāh
Anyone who fell into an act of apostasy, willingly and without excuse, has left Islām.  He must renew his Islām (by uttering the shahādah).  The acts of worship he missed up until this time do not have to be made up, and Allāh knows best.
Your brother,
Muḥammad Bāzmūl
Source: Written correspondence dated: August 12, 2008

Tags: Shahādah, Kufr, Tawbah, Q & A