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Death - troid.org | Islamic Articles and Audio

A Beautiful Sermon

   

A stunning sermon (khuṭbah) outlining the reason for which we were created and what the objective of our death must be.

A Description of Hell

  

A chilling account of every evil-doers final destination, taken from the Book of Allāh and the Sunnah of His Messenger.

Al-Hawá and the Shade of the ʿArsh

  

Contains the narration of the seven who shall be under the Shade of Allāh and the dispraise of desire (hawá).

Allāh Is Greater

   

The need for the heart to be pure and clean is the only way to good deeds and success whereas the corruption of the heart leads to sin and the hellfire.

Audio: The Life of the Grave

 In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

  The Life of the Grave

No one, not the Muslim, the Christian, the Jew nor the Athiest denies that death is inevitable, that they will one day die. But we live as if we will never die. Death may come and surprise you one morning or one evening.  So be ready when death comes to you. Our brother, Rashīd Barbeegives a stern reminder that we will one day meet our Creator.  


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Benefit: How to Deal with Innovations at the Janāzah

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 [Q]: If the followers of a Janāzah were practicing an innovation, should I follow the Janāzah or leave it?

Shaykh Muqbil ibn Hādī al-Wādʿī: As long as the deceased is a Muslim, the Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) mentioned: “The Muslim has five rights upon a Muslim” in another narration, six rights, and from these rights is that you follow his Janāzah. So it is required that you follow the Janāzah, and if you are able to renounce the innovation, then you renounce it according to your capability, [even if it is only] renouncing it with your heart. Do not cooperate with them in their innovation, for it is an innovation. We hope that Allāh (subḥānahu wa-taʿāla) grants us understanding and grants our people understanding so that they leave off these innovations.

The Messenger of Allāh (sallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) mentioned: “There is no deceased Muslim who is prayed upon by a group of people who do not associate anything in worship with Allāh except that Allāh accepts their intercession for him [i.e. the deceased]”. So we should strive to increase the numbers of those praying [at the Janāzah]. Pray and follow the Janāzah according to the Sunnah. Allāh’s aid is sought.

Source: Ijābah al-Sāʾil ʿalā ʾAham al-Masāʾil, pg.414. Q#273
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Increase in Righteous Actions as You Increase in Age

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn notes: The author (Imām al-Nawawī, may Allāh have mercy upon him) titles [his chapter]: The Chapter of Urging Towards Increasing in Good Deeds in the Latter Part of one’s Life.

Know that the latter part of one’s life is crucial, as the Messenger of Allāh (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) mentioned: Verily one of you performs the actions of the people of Paradise until there is only an arm’s length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, so he acts with the actions of the people of the Hellfire and therefore enters it. And verily one of you performs the actions of the people of the Hellfire, until there is only an arm’s length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, so he acts with the actions of the people of Paradise and therefore enters it.

Likewise, we have from the reported supplications: O’ Allāh, make the latter part of my life the best [part]. And make my last actions the best.

Also it has been authenticated from the Messenger of Allāh (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) that he mentioned: Whoever’s last words in the dunya is that there is no deity worthy of worship in truth except Allāh, will enter paradise.

So that which is required from the person, as he increases in age, is that he also increases in righteous actions. Likewise, the youth should also increase in righteous actions because one does not know when he will die. He may die in his youth or his death may be delayed, but their is no doubt that the one who is older in age is closer to death than the youth because he is at the end of his life.

Source: Sharḥ Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn li Ibn al-ʿUthaymīn, Chapter #12, Pg. 461, [Dār al-Fajr li-Turāth, Cairo. First Edition, 2005].
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī 

Benefit: Is Dying on a Friday a Sign of a Good Ending?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn (رحمه الله) was asked: “Is dying on a Friday a sign of a good ending?”

The shaykh (رحمه الله) stated: "No. There is no significance in dying on any given day. [However,] if dying on a particular day had some virtue, then Tuesday would have been the most virtuous [day to die on] since it was the day that the Prophet (ﷺ) died on. Nevertheless, I do not know of any particular day that is virtuous to die on." 

Source: هل الموت يوم الجمعة من علامات حسن الخاتمة
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Is There Any Virtue in Dying on a Specific Day or at a Specific Time?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz (رحمه الله) was asked: "Is dying on a Thursday night, during the day on a Friday, or in Ramaḍān virtuous?"

He (رحمه الله) said: "I do not know anything about this. All of the Aḥadīth reported about dying on a Friday are inauthentic. Likewise, I do not know anything that suggests that dying in Ramaḍān has a specific merit. If an individual died while being upright and fasting, then we hope for a tremendous amount of goodness [for him]; however, I do not know anything specific about dying in Ramaḍān. As for dying on a Thursday night or during the day on a Friday, then there are inauthentic narrations reported about that."

Source: Fatāwá Nūr ‘Alá al-Darb, Vol. 13, Pg. 476.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Recompense Is Based on the Voluntary Actions of the Slave

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāilḥ al-ʿUthaymīn (رحمه الله) was asked: “I heard and read that if a Muslim dies on a Thursday night, or during the day on a Friday, he will have a good station [in Jannah]. What is your view on that? May Allāh reward you.”

The shaykh (رحمه الله) said:

The Ḥadīth which reported the merit of dying on a Friday is inauthentic, since an individual is rewarded based on his voluntary actions [i.e. actions he did out of his free will]. The death of an individual on a Friday is not by choice [i.e. is not of his free will]. If death came to him on a Thursday, he is incapable of delaying it until Friday. [Similarly,] he is incapable of expediting it to Friday, if it was written for him to die on a Saturday.

[Thus,] every Ḥadīth that mentioned the merit of dying on a particular day is inauthentic because recompense is based on the voluntary actions of the slave.

Source: هل لمن مات يوم الجمعة مزية خاصة
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: The Grave - Its Rewards and Punishments

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: When the deceased is buried, does his soul return to him in his grave, and if it does, until when will the deceased be punished in his grave, or will his soul go up to the highest heaven? Also, will the punishment (in the grave) stop or will it be continuous until the day of resurrection? Benefit us, clarify to us whether those who died generations before have remained in a state of punishment (in their graves until today) or are they waiting until the day of resurrection?

Answer: The grave is either a garden from the gardens of paradise or a pit from the pits of the hellfire, as has proceeded in the narrations from the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam). So the believers are in a state of joy in their graves and their souls are transferred to paradise delighted. The souls of the believers will be flying in paradise, eating from its fruits and Allāh will return them (the souls) to their bodies whenever he desires, during questioning and other than that. So their (the believers) souls and bodies will be in a state of joy forever, they will receive a share of joy in accordance to that which Allāh decrees.

As for the disbelievers, they will be in a state of punishment and their souls will be punished as well. Their bodies will receive their (decreed) proportion of punishment. As for how long it will be and how it will be, this is for Allāh (i.e. Allāh knows best), we do not possess knowledge of this. Allāh knows how long (they will be punished). What we know is that the believers bodies and souls will be in a state of joy and that the disbelievers will be in a state of punishment. We have not been informed about the finer details of the punishment (i.e. how long etc.) except that he (the disbeliever) will be punished along with his soul and body.

The disobedient one’s fate will be delivered according to the will of Allāh, he will either be punished in his grave, forgiven, or punished at certain times. His affair is with Allāh the Almighty and Exalted. The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) informed us that he passed by two graves, one of which (the inhabitant) was being punished for tale-carrying and the second for being negligent of cleansing after relieving himself. So the disobedient ones are in danger if they die upon disobedience without repenting, they are threatened with punishment but they may be excused due to their many good deeds or other reasons. If they are punished, Allāh knows best how they will be punished, its duration, when it will stop, this is for Allāh the Almighty and Exalted, He is the one who knows everything.

Imām ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz (raḥimahullāh)

Source: al-Mawqiʿ al-Rasmī li-Masāḥah al-Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz: Aḍāb al-Qabr wa Naʿīmahū
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣomālī

Benefit: The Ruling on Commemorative Gatherings for the Deceased

 In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz was asked: There are some customs in Yemen that people do after the death of a family member in which the relatives are forced to go into debt to pay for a commemorative gathering, and food and drink that is served there and similar things, even in the case of a very poor person who died and did not leave behind any inheritance, so what is the ruling concerning this gathering?

Answer: It is not allowed for the family of the deceased person to establish such commemorative gatherings nor may they slaughter animals and prepare food for the people; all of these things are innovations, and they are from the actions and ways of the people of jāhilīyyah, and it is obligated to abandon these things. What is legislated is that they supplicate for them and it is legislated for the close family and neighbours to prepare food for them as they have become occupied with the trial which they have been afflicted with. [Translated by Abū al-ʿAbbās Mūsá Richardson]


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Benefit: The Ruling on Gathering for the Deceased - Shaykh Ibn Bāz

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

From the greatest scholars of the Ummah in the last century was al-ʿAllāmah al-Shakyh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz raḥimahullāh. His firmly-grounded knowledge of the religion, wisdom, and piety were characteristics which made him recognized by Muslims internationally. A collection of his rulings, al-Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá, is an outstanding example of these aforementioned characteristics. This benefit is shared by Abū al-ʿAbbās Mūsá Richardson


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Benefit: What Would You Like Your Last Words to be, "Lā Ilāha Ill-Allāh" or Lyrics from a Song?


In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Our beloved brother Dāwūd Adīb, whilst discussing the importance of having one's tongue moist with the dhikr of Allāh before death over takes you, mentions two poignant stories. The first of the two; an American that lived a life of crime, but in his last moments of his life, devoted himself to Allāh sincerly, and made his final words the shahādah. The second is a story of a group of friends who's final moments were spent in the remembers of other than Allāh, rather in the dhikr of music.

We ask Allāh to make our ends one that is pleasing to Him.   

From the lectures entitled, "The Most Beloved to Allāh"


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Death: The Destroyer of Desires

   

There is no cure for death. A cure for cancer exists, a cure for AIDS exists and a cure for every other disease exists, except death. The Messenger of Allāh (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-salām) said: 'Allāh has not created a disease except that He has created a cure for it, except for a single disease...old age"

Denying the Punishment of the Grave

   

A timely and decisive reply to the likes of Taqiyy al-Dīn al-Nabahānī and ʿŪmar Bakri Muḥammad - the spearheads, old and new - of the modernist political party known as Ḥizb al-Taḥrīr.

In What State Will You Die?

  Amjad Rafīq

The question we should be asking ourselves every second of our lives; none knows the answer to it except Allāh. May He allow us to die in a state of al-Islām.

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RT @1MMeducation: Al-hamdu lillaah, as Sh.Rabee' predicted: The youth will return to their senses! Senior scholar, Sh. Saalih al-Fowzaan…

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