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A Clarification of Some Common Doubts and Misconceptions Affiliated with the Month of Ramaḍān

   Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīnShaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-NajmīShaykh Muqbil ibn Hādī al-WādiʿīShaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn BāzShaykh Khālid ibn Ḍahwī al- ẒufayrīShaykh ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-ʿAbbādShaykh Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-AlbānīShaykh ʿUbayd al-Jābirī

The blessed month of Ramaḍān is a time of worship and righteous deeds. However, during this month, many misnomers and false practices exist. The following is a compilation of common doubts and misconceptions corrected and clarified by Islamic scholars.

Benefit: Actualise the Sunnah - Break Your Fast With Dates

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Khālid ibn Ḍaḥwī al-Dhufayrī mentioned:

We would like to shed light on an error many of those who break their fasts fall into, due to their lack of attention. It is that people have become accustomed to breaking fast by drinking. They may drink milk with dates while milk is a liquid and dates are solids. Liquids enter the stomach before dates. Therefore, what has he broken his fast with, with milk not dates. So make sure to eat, chew and swallow dates (first) so that they can reach your stomach, so that you may be one who actualises the Prophetic Sunnah.

Source: كيفية الفطر على التمر
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Fasting in Ramaḍān Whilst Leaving Off the Prayers

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 [Q]: What is the ruling on one who fasts in Ramaḍān while leaving off the prayers?

[A]: The one who fasts while leaving off the prayers, then his fasting will not benefit him. It will not be accepted from him and he has not removed the obligation [of fasting] from himself [i.e. his fasting will not be counted]. Rather, he is not requested to fast as long as he leaves off the prayers because the one who does not establish the prayers is like the Jew or Christian, what if a Jew or Christian fasted, will it be accepted from them? It will not!

So we say to this individual: Repent to Allāh, establish the prayers and fast. Indeed Allāh accepts the repentance of the repentant one.

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn

Source: فتاوى في الصيام، الكتاب: ٤٨
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Fasting on ʿĀshūrāh/ʿArafah Expiates Minor Sins, Major Sins Require Sincere Repentance

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah (رحمه الله) said:

It has been authentically attributed to Prophet ﷺ, that he said, “Fasting on the day of ʿĀrafah expiates the sins of two years [i.e. previous year and upcoming year] and fasting on ʿĀshūrāh expiates the sins of one year”.

But his saying, “...expiates the sins of...”, does not necessitate that the major sins are also expiated without any repentance. The Prophet ﷺ said, “...Friday to Friday and Ramaḍān to Ramaḍān will be an expiation for the sins committed between them as long as the major sins are avoided”.

It is known that prayer is better than fasting and that fasting in Ramaḍān is better than fasting the day of ʿArafah. Likewise, (minor) sins will not be expiated except by avoiding the major sins as the Prophet ﷺ mentioned. Therefore, how can an individual think that by voluntarily fasting a day or two it will expiate adultery, stealing, drinking alcohol, gambling, (engaging in) magic, etc. This will not happen.

Source: [١/٢٥٤ مختصر الفتاوى المصرية]
Translated by: Munīb al-Sumālī

Benefit: From the Virtues of the Month of Shaʿbān

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Usāmah ibn Zayd (رضي الله عنه) said: "I said: 'O messenger of Allāh, I never saw you fasting any month as much as Shaʿbān.' He (ﷺ) said: 'That is a month which the people have forgotten about. [It is] between Rajab and Ramaḍān [and] in it the deeds are taken up to the Lord of the worlds; therefore, I like that my deeds be taken up when I am fasting.'"

Reported by al-Nasāʾī, and Shaykh al-Albānī deemed it to be authentic.

Translator’s note:The Prophet (ﷺ), in this Ḥadīth, mentioned some virtues of this month; from them is that it was a month in which he (ﷺ) would increase his supererogatory fasts. Also, it is a month in which the deeds are taken up to Allāh.

Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Injections, Blood Tests and Ḥijāmah While Fasting

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

[Q]: What is the ruling on a fasting person getting injected with a needle in his vein or his muscle and what is the difference between the two?

[A]: That which is most correct is that they do not break one’s fast, however injecting oneself with a needle of which nutrition is gained does break the fast. Likewise, one’s fast is not broken due to a blood test because it is not like ḥijāmah (cupping). The most correct position of the scholars is that ḥijāmah breaks the fasts of both the doer and the one it is being done to according to the statement of the Prophet (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam):

Both the ḥājim [the one who is doing the cupping] and the maḥjūm’s [the one who cupping is being done to] have broken their fasts. [Collected by Abū Dāwūd and Tirmidhī, graded ṣaḥīḥ by al-Albānī]

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz

Source: تحفة الإخوان بأجوبة مهمة تتعلق بأركان الإسلام. ص.١٤٠
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Is It from the Sunnah to Eat an Odd Number of Dates in Ramaḍān?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

[Q]: I heard that the fasting individual must break his fast with an odd number of dates like 5 or 7 etc. Is this obligated?

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīnرحمه الله: 

It is not obligatory to break one’s fast with an odd number of dates like 3, 5, 7 or 9. Rather, it is not even from the Sunnah except on ʿĪd al-Fiṭr. It has been authentically established that the Prophet ﷺ would not depart for prayer on the day of ʿĪd al-Fiṭr until he had eaten an odd number of dates. As for other than this occasion, the Prophet ﷺ would not intend to eat an odd number of dates.

Source: فتاوى نور على الدرب ٢٥٤
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: It Is From the Sunnah to Increase One’s Fasting in Shaʿbān

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Sāliḥ al-Fawzān (حفظه الله) was asked: “Is there anything confirmed [in the sunnah] concerning fasting in Shaʿbān? [And] what is the ruling on singling out the fifteenth day of that month every year to fast?”

The shaykh (حفظه الله) responded with the following: “Yes, the Prophet (ﷺ) use to fast in Shaʿbān, and he would fast the majority of it. Therefore, the sunnah is to fast and to increase [one’s] fasting in it.”

Source: حكم صيام شهر شعبان
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Ramaḍān - Is Reciting the Qurʾān at Night More Preferable?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

  [Q]: Is it better to recite the Qurʾān at night or to sleep and then recite it during the day?

[A]: He should recite what he can by night or by day. But to recite it by night is better since that’s when Jibrīl would teach the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) the Qurʾān.

Dr. Ṣaliḥ ibn al-Fawzān

Source: .حال السلف الصالح في استقبال شهر رمضان
Translated by: Umm Sufyān

Benefit: The Benefits of Suḥūr

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

  From the benefits of the suḥūr is that you wake up at a time of acceptance [of duʿāʾ] where our Lord descends to the lowest heaven and He says:

Is there anyone who asks so I may give to him? Is there anyone who seeks forgiveness so I may forgive him?

Likewise, from the benefits of the suḥūr is that the angels send their blessings upon those who act upon this sunnah [i.e. having suḥūr]. Also, from its benefits is that it is an opportunity for charity (to feed) those who do not have anything to eat for suḥūr.

Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī

Source: Taʾsīs al-Aḥkām 3/217
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Whoever Has Fasts to Make Up from the Previous Ramaḍān, It Is Necessary for Him to Do So in Sha‘bān before the Upcoming Ramaḍān

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Fawzān (حفظه الله) said: “It is not permissible to postpone making up fast [from the previous Ramaḍān] until after the other Ramaḍān [i.e. the new Ramaḍān] without an excuse, because of ʿĀʾishah's statement (رضي الله عنها): 'I had some fast to make up from Ramaḍān and I was not able to do so except in Shaʿbān because of my duties toward ِAllah's Messenger (ﷺ).'" (Reported by al-Bukhārī and Muslim).

Source: al-Mulakhaṣ al-Fiqhī, pg 387.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Highlighting Some Errors Committed during the Blessed Month of Ramaḍān and on ʿĪd Day

   Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīnShaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī, Shaykh Ṣāliḥ ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān, Shaykh Muḥammad Amān al-Jāmī, Shaykh Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī

The blessed month of Ramaḍān is a time of worship and performing righteous deeds; however, during this blessed time, numerous errors exist. The following is a compilation of some random errors identified by Islamic scholars.

Miscellaneous Points of Benefit

   

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn al-ʿUthaymīn and other ʿUlamāʾ discuss: Should the missed fasts of Ramaḍān be made up before the fasts of Shawwāl? Eating collectively and racing to do good.

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