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Fatāwá - troid.org | Islamic Articles and Audio

A Refutation of the Issues of Abū al-Ḥasan al-Maʿribī

  Shaykh ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-ʿAbbād, Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-FawzānShaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Luhaydān

A collection of statements and fatāwá from the scholars such as al-ʿAllāmah ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-ʿAbbād, al-ʿAllāmah Ṣāliḥ ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān and al-ʿAllāmah Ṣāliḥ al-Luhaydān. The essay establishes that the aforementioned Scholars openly oppose the ʿArʿūrī principles of Abū al-Fitan (al-Mubtadiʿ) al-Maʿribī, such as calling the Companions 'ghuthāʾiyyah' (scum), the principle 'we correct, but we do not destroy the individual', referring to following of the Scholars as taqlīd, al-mujmal wa-al-mufaṣṣāl (referring the general back to the specific) and much more...

Benefit: An Inmate Cannot Find Water or Dirt in His Prison Cell - How Can He Pray?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: If a prisoner is in his cell and cannot find water or dirt whilst the time for prayer is about to expire, what should he do?

Answer: If he cannot find water or get someone to bring him water, and he cannot find dirt, he should pray as he is. [However, he should] look towards the wall or to the carpets to see if he can find dust, if he finds dust then it is permissible for him to strike it with [the palm of] his hands one time to wipe his face and hands, if he cannot find any of that then he prays in the condition that he is in.

This is specifically if the prayer is one that cannot be joined with another prayer [i.e. if it is a prayer like Ẓuhr he can delay it to join it with ʿAṣr to spare more time to find water, dirt, sand, soil, earth etc.]

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Hādī al-Madkhalī

Arabic Source: ماذا يصنع الرجلُ إذا كان في سجن فلم يجد ماءً ولا ترابا وكاد
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Answering the Claim, "The Caller (Dāʿī) Is Better Than the Scholar"

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh ʿUbayd al-Jābirīcomments on the verse below, clarifying an existing doubt:

شَهِدَ اللَّهُ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ وَأُولُو الْعِلْمِ قَائِمًا بِالْقِسْطِ ۚ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ
Allāh bears witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Him; and likewise, the angels and the people of knowledge bear witness: He who maintains justice, none has the right to be worshipped but Him, the All Mighty, the All Wise.[Sūrah al-ʿImrān, 3:18]

Present in this verse is a refutation of some of those who ascribe to the daʾwah, who say: The caller (dāʿī) is better than the scholar. They use the argument that the caller is like the rain cloud, travelling from place to place, everyone benefits from it [i.e. the rain]. While the scholar is like a well, no one drinks from it except those who travel to it. Glorified is Allāh the Exalted! Are they more knowledgeable or Allāh? Who are the ones who testify to the oneness of Allāh [in this verse], the scholar or the caller? The scholar! Who are the inheritors of the prophets? The scholars, or the callers who travel from place to place? Some of them [i.e. callers] are not even able to recite Sūrah al-Fātiḥah correctly and do not know the pillars of Islām. Corrupt reasoning and misinterpetation of the speech of Allāh and His Messenger (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) is the way of the people of innovation and desires; so be warned.

Source: Itḥāf al-ʿUqūl, pg. 89-90
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: At What Age Should Boys Stop Going on the Sisters' Side of the Masjid?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

From the most important aspects of raising children is commanding them with duties and responsibilities at certain ages. Alḥamdullilāh, our Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam) guided us to the correct method of upbringing in the well-known narration of ordering with Ṣalāh and seperating the beds of children. In this audio clip, our brother, Abū al-ʿAbbās Mūsá Richardson expounds on the narration and provides additional benefit in the topic of young boys at the masjid. Take a quick listen to this clip and learn a little more about your religion. May Allāh bless you with a righteous family.


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Benefit: Can We Say: "Allāh and His Messenger Knows Best"?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

[Q]: I was told by a sister in an email Quote "we are not supposed to say "Allāh and His Messenger know best" . The Sahabah said that when the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) was alive, but after his death, we are simply supposed to say "Allāh knows best". end of quote Is what she said correct? if it is correct where can I find the dalīl for this statement......barāk Allāhu fīkum

[A]: The Permanent Council of Scholars in Saudi Arabia have stated that "Allāh and His Messenger know best" was said during his lifetime, and that "Allāh knows best" is to be said after his death (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam)......Because the Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) is not aware of what is happening after his death." This was signed by Shaykh Ibn Bāz, Shaykh ʿAbdullāh ibn Ghudayān, and Shaykh ʿAbd al-Razzaaq 'Afīfī (may Allāh have Mercy on them).1 In addition, Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Fawzān, Shaykh Bakr Abū Zayd, and Shaykh ʿAbdullāh ibn Jibrīn, all of them, mentioned that saying "Allāh and His Messenger know best" was for his lifetime, and that after his death (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam), "Allāh knows best" is to be used.2 However, some scholars allowed saying "Allāh and His Messenger know best" after his death (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam), like Shaykh Ibn ʿUthaymīn and some of the explainers of Kitāb al-Tawḥīd, relying on a passage from the Nooniyyah of Ibn al-Qayyim: "And Allāh knows best about the intending meaning of his words, and His Messenger, the one sent with the Furqaan (the Qurʾān)." Shaykh Ibn ʿUthaymīn mentioned that this may only be said in issues related to the knowledge given to Him from Allāh, not things specific to the unseen that only Allāh knows. Like: Is it going to rain? Only Allāh knows. And: What is the ruling on fasting on the 'Eed days? Allāh and His Messenger know best.3 However, it seems much safer and more correct to stick to what the other scholars mentioned, especially when it is unfounded that any of the Companions used the phrase "Allāh and His Messenger know best" after his death (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam), but you find them and the scholars after them commonly saying, "Allāh knows best."4 This is very important especially when we live in a time when certain Ṣūfī sects are calling to the idea that the Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) is alive and aware of what is happening to us, and hears our calls, and can help us, etc. They commonly say, "Allāh and His Messenger know best" because some of them believe that he knows the unseen, just as Allāh knows it. This is sheer falsehood, rejected by many Qur’anic verses, and it is in fact shirk to believe this, equating the Knowledge of Allāh with the knowledge of some of His Creation! However, we should not believe that the few scholars from Ahl al-Sunnah that allow it have anything to do with what the deviant soofīs intend when they use it. And Allāh knows best.1
 
[1] Fataawee al-Lajnah ad-Daa'imah (2/163)
[2] Refer to: I'aanat al-Mustafeed (1/44), Mu'jam al-Manaahee al-Lafthiyyah (p.128), and Ibn Jibrīn's notes to Ibn al-Qāsim's commentary on Kitāb al-Tawḥīd.
[3] al-Qowl al-Mufeed (1/57), see also: Mu'jam al-Manaahee al-Lafthiyyah (p.128), and this link to Shaykh Ibn Bāz's explanation of some scholars' usage: www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/10659
[4] As stated by Shaykh Bakr Abū Zayd in Mu'jam al-Manaahee (p.128). Answered by: Mūsá Richardson

Benefit: Clarify the Condition of the Evil Scholars

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Muqbil ibn Hādī al-Wādiʿī (رحمه الله) said: “Clarifying the condition of the evil scholars is an important affair so that they will not deceive the different communities.”

Source: Ghārah al-Ashriṭah, vol. 2, pg. 405.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Father Prohibits Son from the Gatherings of Knowledge?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: Here in Yemen, there are centres of knowledge that belong to the people of Sunnah. Whenever I try to go, I am not able to except by tricking my father [i.e. telling him I will go elsewhere etc.], and after this (when he finds out), he becomes angry at me. What is the ruling on these actions of mine?

Answer: [Your] attending the sittings of the scholars of Ahl al-Sunnah wa-al-Jamāʿah and benefiting from them is considered to be from good actions, so your father does not have the right to prohibit you from them. Call your father with wisdom and forbearance so that he may accept it (i.e. attending the sittings of the scholars).

If he is upon other than the way of Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamāʿah, then advise him and clarify to him with evidences that the way of Ahl al-Sunnah is the truth, and that it is the way the Prophet (ṣallal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) and his companions (raḍī Allāhu ʿanhum) were upon, and that it is obligatory that we take it [as a methodology], stick to it, and abandon everything that opposes it [i.e. the methodology of Ahl al-Sunnah]. Likewise, beware of falling short with regards to being dutiful to your father and showing him kindness, strive against your soul for this, and you will be rewarded in shāʾAllāh for being dutiful to your father and wanting good for both yourself and him.

The Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Fatāwá

Source: al-Lajnah al-Dāʾimah li-al-Fatāwá: Fatwá: 18190
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī 

Benefit: Imām Ibn Bāz Concerning Cheating on Exams

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

From the greatest scholars of the Ummah in the last century was al-ʿAllāmah al-Shakyh, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdillāh ibn Bāz raḥimahullāh. His firmly grounded knowledge of the religion, wisdom, and piety were characteristics that made him recognized by Muslims internationally. A collection of his rulings, al-Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá́, is an outstanding example of these aformentioned characeristics. In this benefit presented by Abū al-ʿAbbās Mūsá Richardson, Shaykh Ibn Baz speaks about the ruling on cheating in educational settings. Listen to the short clip and share it with your friends, teachers, and classmates. May Allāh have mercy upon you.


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Benefit: Is It from the Sunnah to Eat an Odd Number of Dates in Ramaḍān?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

[Q]: I heard that the fasting individual must break his fast with an odd number of dates like 5 or 7 etc. Is this obligated?

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīnرحمه الله: 

It is not obligatory to break one’s fast with an odd number of dates like 3, 5, 7 or 9. Rather, it is not even from the Sunnah except on ʿĪd al-Fiṭr. It has been authentically established that the Prophet ﷺ would not depart for prayer on the day of ʿĪd al-Fiṭr until he had eaten an odd number of dates. As for other than this occasion, the Prophet ﷺ would not intend to eat an odd number of dates.

Source: فتاوى نور على الدرب ٢٥٤
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Ramaḍān - Breaking the Fast Intentionally Without a Legitimate Excuse

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Faṭwá Series for Ramaḍān 2016 - featuring selected faṭāwá by Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Faṭwá #22

  [Q]:What is the ruling on the healthy individual who intentionally eats or drinks during the day in Ramaḍān?

[A]:
It is not permissible for a healthy individual to eat or drink intentionally during the day in Ramaḍān. From one angle, he must abstain from food and drink for the remainder of the day. From the other angle, he must make up for it.

Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Source: Fatāwá al-Ṣiyām pg 70.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Ramaḍān - Do Sins Break the Fast

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Faṭwá Series for Ramaḍān 2016 - featuring selected faṭāwá by Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Faṭwá #10

 [Q]:Do sins break the fast? And is it mandatory upon the sinner to make up his broken fast due to his sinning?

[A]: Sins vary, and the sins which don't break the fast reduce the reward of the fasting person. However, there are sins that break the fast, such as masturbation, committing adultery and things similar to that—we ask Allāh for forgiveness and wellbeing. There is absolutely no doubt that those things break the fast.

Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Source: Fatāwá al-Ṣiyām pg 37.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Ramaḍān - Is a Fidyah (Recompense) Required for the One Incapable of Fasting who Dies during Ramaḍān (for the Remainder of the Days)

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Faṭwá Series for Ramaḍān 2016 - featuring selected faṭāwá by Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Faṭwá #20

[Q]:Do the caretakers of the one who was incapable of fasting and died during the month of Ramaḍān feed a poor person on his behalf [for every day that was missed after his death for the remainder of the month]?

[A]:
It is not necessary for his custodians to feed a poor person on his behalf [for every day that was missed after his death for the remainder of the month].

Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Source: Fatāwá al-Ṣiyām pg 63.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Ramaḍān - The Fast of the Individual Who Was in a State of Impurity and Slumber at Dawn

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Faṭwá Series for Ramaḍān 2016 - featuring selected faṭāwá by Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Faṭwá #21

  [Q]:What is the ruling on [the fast of] the individual who fell asleep while he was in a state of impurity and when the aẓān was sounded for the Fajr prayer he was still asleep?

[A]:
His fast is valid, and upon him is to make ghusl.

Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Source: Fatāwá al-Ṣiyām pg 69.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Ramaḍān - The Penalty for Having Sexual Intercourse During the Day in Ramaḍān

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Faṭwá Series for Ramaḍān 2016 - featuring selected faṭāwá by Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Faṭwá #18

[Q]:Six years ago, a man had intercourse with his wife during the day in Ramaḍān and hasn't paid the penalty; therefore, what is upon him now?

[A]:
His situation must be investigated. It is not permissible to procrastinate the penalty; rather, it is mandatory upon him to pay it. If it were that he was incapable of fasting two months consecutively, then he must resort to feeding people. As for if he was capable, it is then compulsory upon him to fast.

Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Source: Fatāwá al-Ṣiyām pg 60.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Ramaḍān - The Penalty for the Sick Person Who Is Unable to Fast

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Faṭwá Series for Ramaḍān 2016 - featuring selected faṭāwá by Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Faṭwá #17

[Q]:There is a sick person who hasn't fasted for two years; thus, should someone fast on his behalf or should people be fed on his behalf?

[A]:
People should be fed on his behalf.

Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Source: Fatāwá al-Ṣiyām pg 60.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Ramaḍān - The Recompense for the Individual Incapable of Fasting

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Faṭwá Series for Ramaḍān 2016 - featuring selected faṭāwá by Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Faṭwá #19

[Q]:What is the recompense for the old man who is incapable of fasting? Is a poor person fed everyday during the month of Ramaḍān or is it sixty people?

[A]: A poor person is fed everyday. As for feeding sixty poor people, then this is done in the issue of ẓihār, and it is not [the penalty] intended for Ramaḍān. The safest thing to do is to feed ten poor people after [the first] ten-days have passed, then when [the second] ten-day interval has passed, feed ten more poor people, and similarly, the final ten-day interval.

Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Source: Fatāwá al-Ṣiyām pg 61.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Ramaḍān - The Ruling on Breaking the Fast at Sunset

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Faṭwá Series for Ramaḍān 2016 - featuring selected faṭāwá by Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Faṭwá #12

 [Q]:Is it incumbent upon the fasting person to break his fast at sunset?

[A]: It is not incumbent [upon him to break his fast], but it is recommended, due to the statement of the Prophet (ﷺ): "Thus, whoever practiced continuous fasting [al-wiṣāl], let him carry it on until suhūr time [i.e. the following day]." [Reported by al-Dāramī.]

Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-Najmī (رحمه الله).

Source: Fatāwá al-Ṣiyām pg 43.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

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