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Benefit: Shaykh Ibn Bāz on How to Advise Someone Who Commits an Act of Shirk

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: What should I do if I see someone calling upon a dead person at his gravesite, seeking his help, someone committing an outright act of  shirk?  When calling him to worship Allāh alone, do I advise him as a Muslim, or should I consider him a polytheist?

Answer: (by Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Ibn Bāz, may Allāh have Mercy on him): Invite him using a different approach, not this way or that way.  Say to him, "O Fulān!  O ʿAbdullāh!  This thing you are doing is a kind of shirk, and it is not (the correct way of) worship!  It is the way of the pagans from Jāhiliyyah (the pre-Islamic period of ignorance)!  It is the way of (the pagans of) Quraysh and those like them!"

This is because there may be reasons he should not be declared outside of Islām in this case, and declaring him outside of Islām would run him away as soon as you speak to him!

Declaring someone outside of Islām is based on more than just an action of shirk.  The action may be  shirk, but the one doing may not be a mushrik (polytheist), since there could be something preventing us from making  takfīr (declaring him a disbeliever), like ignorance or not understanding firmly what the scholars say (about his action).

Also, to address him as a polytheist would run him away. So call him by his name, and explain to him clearly that what he is doing is shirk.

Source: Al-Fawaa'id al-'Ilmiyyah min ad-Duroos al-Bāziyyah (2/273, Ar-Risālah printing, 1430, as quoted by Shaykh Aḥmad Zahraanee)
Arabic: http://www.sahab.net/forums/showthread.php?t=380484
Prepared by: Mūsá Richardson (1431/8/28)

Benefit: Shaykh Ibn Bāz on Ordering Good and Forbidding Evil

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

"There are some Muslim sisters from al-Mujamma`ah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia who say in their question: When we try to stop the spread of Namimah (tale-bearing) and Ghibah (backbiting) among people, those whom we advise may insult and become mad at us. Are we sinful for making them angry, especially if they are parents? Should we prevent them or forget about matters that are not related to us? Please, advise!"


Our Shaykh Ibn Bāz, raḥimahullāh, responded:

"Enjoining right and forbidding wrong are of the most important acts of worship, as Allāh (May He be Glorified) says: The believers, men and women, are Auliyā (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another; they enjoin (on the people) al-Maʿrūf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islām orders one to do), and forbid (people) from al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islām has forbidden).

So, Allāh (He may be Glorified) explains in this Ayah that enjoining right and forbidding wrong are of the qualities of the believing men and women where Allāh (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: You [true believers in Islamic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muḥammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) and his Sunnah] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin al-Maʿrūf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islām has ordained) and forbid al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islām has forbidden), and you believe in Allāh. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever, among you, sees something abominable should rectify it with his hand, and if he does not have enough strength to do it, then he should do it with his tongue; and if he does not have enough strength to do it, (even) then he should (abhor it) from his heart, and that is the least of faith. Related by Muslim in his Saḥiḥ (book of authentic Ḥadiths). There are many Āyahs and Ḥadiths on the obligation of enjoining right and forbidding wrong that rebuke those who neglect this duty. It is obligatory upon you and upon every believing man and woman to enjoin right and forbid wrong, even if those whom you invite become angry or insult you. Indeed, observing patience is obligatory as the Prophets (peace be upon them) and their followers did. Allāh (Glorified and Exalted be He) addressed His Prophet (peace be upon him) saying: Therefore be patient (O Muḥammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) as did the Messengers of strong will. Allāh (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:...and be patient. Surely, Allāh is with those who are al-Sābirūn (the patient).

Allāh (May He be Glorified) says about Luqman al-Hakim (Luqman the wise) that he said to his son: "O my son! Aqim-As-Sʿalát (perform al-Sʿalát), enjoin (on people) al-Maʿrūf - (Islamic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allāh, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befalls you. Verily, these are some of the important commandments (ordered by Allāh with no exemption). No doubt, reforming the society and preserving its integrity are achieved by following the instructions of Allāh and then by enjoining right and forbidding wrong. The neglect of enjoining right and forbidding wrong is one of the greatest reasons for corrupting the society, tearing it apart, and exposing it to general punishment. It is authentically reported from the Messenger of Allāh (peace be upon him) that he said: If acts of disobedience are done among people and they do not change them, Allāh will soon punish them all. Allāh (Glorified and Exalted be He) warned His servants against following the example of the Children of Israel in His saying: Those among the Children of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of Dāwūd (David) and ʿIsā (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). That was because they disobeyed (Allāh and the Messengers) and were ever transgressing beyond bounds. They used not to forbid one another from Al-Munkar (wrong, evil-doing, sins, polytheism, disbelief) which they committed. Vile indeed was what they used to do. We ask Allāh to guide all Muslims, rulers and subjects, to do this duty in the best form, to reform their conditions, and protect all people from the causes of His wrath. He is the All-Hearer, the All-Respondent." (Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá Ibn Bāz: 6/267)

Source: The General Presidency of Scholarly Research and Ifta, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Benefit: Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Ibn Bāz Concerning Major Sinners and Their Places in the Hereafter

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 Ustādh Mūsá Richardson translates a fatwá on the issue of major sinners and their places in the hereafter as explained by our Shaykh, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz (raḥimahullāh). In his fatwá collection vol 6. p 391, he was asked the following:

[Q]: Allāh says in the Qurʾān that He does not forgive that partners are associated in worship alongside him, but he forgives anything less than that (Sūrah al-Nisāʾ, 4:116). He also says He is the most forgiving for whomever repents and believes and does righteous deed (Sūrah Ṭā Hā, 20:82). Is there a clash between these two verses? And what is the meaning of his statement "everything less than shirk (polytheism) for whomever he pleases" in the first ayāh.


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Benefit: The Grave - Its Rewards and Punishments

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: When the deceased is buried, does his soul return to him in his grave, and if it does, until when will the deceased be punished in his grave, or will his soul go up to the highest heaven? Also, will the punishment (in the grave) stop or will it be continuous until the day of resurrection? Benefit us, clarify to us whether those who died generations before have remained in a state of punishment (in their graves until today) or are they waiting until the day of resurrection?

Answer: The grave is either a garden from the gardens of paradise or a pit from the pits of the hellfire, as has proceeded in the narrations from the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam). So the believers are in a state of joy in their graves and their souls are transferred to paradise delighted. The souls of the believers will be flying in paradise, eating from its fruits and Allāh will return them (the souls) to their bodies whenever he desires, during questioning and other than that. So their (the believers) souls and bodies will be in a state of joy forever, they will receive a share of joy in accordance to that which Allāh decrees.

As for the disbelievers, they will be in a state of punishment and their souls will be punished as well. Their bodies will receive their (decreed) proportion of punishment. As for how long it will be and how it will be, this is for Allāh (i.e. Allāh knows best), we do not possess knowledge of this. Allāh knows how long (they will be punished). What we know is that the believers bodies and souls will be in a state of joy and that the disbelievers will be in a state of punishment. We have not been informed about the finer details of the punishment (i.e. how long etc.) except that he (the disbeliever) will be punished along with his soul and body.

The disobedient one’s fate will be delivered according to the will of Allāh, he will either be punished in his grave, forgiven, or punished at certain times. His affair is with Allāh the Almighty and Exalted. The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) informed us that he passed by two graves, one of which (the inhabitant) was being punished for tale-carrying and the second for being negligent of cleansing after relieving himself. So the disobedient ones are in danger if they die upon disobedience without repenting, they are threatened with punishment but they may be excused due to their many good deeds or other reasons. If they are punished, Allāh knows best how they will be punished, its duration, when it will stop, this is for Allāh the Almighty and Exalted, He is the one who knows everything.

Imām ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz (raḥimahullāh)

Source: al-Mawqiʿ al-Rasmī li-Masāḥah al-Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz: Aḍāb al-Qabr wa Naʿīmahū
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣomālī

Benefit: The Ruling on Cheating in Exams

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz was asked concerning the ruling on cheating in academic exams so long as the teacher is aware of it.

Answer: Cheating is impermissible in exams just as it is impermissible in general interactions and dealings. It is not allowed for any person to cheat in any of his exams in any subject, and if the teacher was pleased with this and thought it was permissible, then he is a partner to his crime and betrayal, and Allāh's help is sought. [Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá Vol. 6 Pg. 498, translated by Abu al-ʿAbbās Mūsá Richardson].

Benefit: The Ruling on Commemorative Gatherings for the Deceased

 In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz was asked: There are some customs in Yemen that people do after the death of a family member in which the relatives are forced to go into debt to pay for a commemorative gathering, and food and drink that is served there and similar things, even in the case of a very poor person who died and did not leave behind any inheritance, so what is the ruling concerning this gathering?

Answer: It is not allowed for the family of the deceased person to establish such commemorative gatherings nor may they slaughter animals and prepare food for the people; all of these things are innovations, and they are from the actions and ways of the people of jāhilīyyah, and it is obligated to abandon these things. What is legislated is that they supplicate for them and it is legislated for the close family and neighbours to prepare food for them as they have become occupied with the trial which they have been afflicted with. [Translated by Abū al-ʿAbbās Mūsá Richardson]


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Benefit: The Ruling on Gathering for the Deceased - Shaykh Ibn Bāz

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

From the greatest scholars of the Ummah in the last century was al-ʿAllāmah al-Shakyh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz raḥimahullāh. His firmly-grounded knowledge of the religion, wisdom, and piety were characteristics which made him recognized by Muslims internationally. A collection of his rulings, al-Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá, is an outstanding example of these aforementioned characteristics. This benefit is shared by Abū al-ʿAbbās Mūsá Richardson


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Benefit: The Ruling on Giving a Copy of the Muṣḥaf to Non-Muslims

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 Ustādh Mūsá Richardson translates the following question which was posed to the honourable Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz (raḥimahullāh) and can be found in vol. 6, pg. 469 of his Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá:

[Q]: If a Christian asks me for a muṣḥaf should I give it to him or not?

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Benefit: The Ruling on Jokes in Islām - Shaykh Ibn Bāz

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

From the greatest scholars of the Ummah in the last century was al-ʿAllāmah al-Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdillāh ibn Bāz raḥimahullāh. His firmly-grounded knowledge of the religion, wisdom, and piety were characteristics that made him recognized by Muslims internationally. A collection of his rulings, al-Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá́, is an outstanding example of these aformentioned characeristics. From the beauty of Islām is that it provides guidance to mankind in every part of his life. An example is the religious guidance on the topic of joking, something that many of us do everyday. In this ruling, presented by our brother Abū al-ʿAbbās, Shaykh Ibn Bāz briefly discusses the place of joking in the religion. So take a listen to this short clip. May Allāh have mercy on you, and benefit your family with it.


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Benefit: The Ruling on Wearing Pants That Fall below the Ankles - Shakyh Ibn Bāz

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

From the greatest scholars of the Ummah in the last century was al-ʿAllāmah al-Shakyh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿʿAbdillāh ibn Bāz raḥimahullāh. His firmly-grounded knowledge of the religion, wisdom, and piety were characteristics that made him recognized by Muslims internationally. A collection of his rulings, al-Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá́, is an outstanding example of these aformentioned characeristics. The trend among people today, especially the youth, is to wear pants that fall below the ankles. Does our religion offer any guidance in this matter? Is there anything wrong with wearing pants like this? This question was posed to Shaykh Ibn Bāz and he answered with narrations from the Messenger of Allāh ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam. Listen to this brief Q&A audio, presented by Mūsá Richardson, and remind your family and friends of the truth in this regard. May Allāh reward you.


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Benefit: What Is Allāh’s Biggest Creation?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz (رحمه الله) stated: “The Most Merciful’s throne is enormous; [in fact,] it is His biggest creation. Only He truly knows its magnitude.”

Source: المقصود بعرش الرحمن
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: What Is the Meaning of Iʿtikāf?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

  Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz: It is to focus on worshipping Allāh and isolate oneself, this is the legislated isolation. Others have defined iʿtikāf to be cutting off relations with all creations to service the creator.

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn: al-Iʿtikāf is to abide in a mosque in obedience to Allāh and to get away from the people so that one may focus on being obedient to Allāh.

Source: Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá li Ibn Bāz, 15/438. Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá li Ibn ʿUthaymīn, 20/155
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Who Was the First Prophet?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: Who was the first Prophet, Idrīs or Nūḥ (may Allāh be pleased with them)?

Answer: The first prophet to appear after the prevalence of shirk in the people was Nūḥ (ʿalayhi al-sʿalám). Before that it was Ādam. Our father Ādam (ʿalayhi al-sʿalám) was the first Prophet and Messenger. His progeny were upon Islām for ten generations, then shirk appeared within the people of Nūḥ, so Allāh sent Nūḥ, thus Nūḥ became the first messenger after the appearance of shirk.

Imām ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Bāz (raḥimahullāh)

Source: Ibn Bāz: The First Prophet of Islam
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣomālī

Clearing Confusion about Shaykh Ibn Bāz

  Abū Khadījah

A reply to Abū Ḥāwiyah’s sorry defense of Safar and Salmān with regard to the fatwá that Imām Ibn Bāz issued to jail them so as to protect the society from their errors.