What to do when encountering narrations that mention the messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam) without the statement "sallāllāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam" after reference to him (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam).
[Q]: We were hoping that we could perhaps be given a little direction in this query, Allāhu yubārik fīk. Recently in our hifdh circle, we came across a hadīth where the narrator mentions the messenger of Allāh, SallAllāh ʿalayhī wa-sallam; however, the salutations on the Messenger are not mentioned within the hadīth by the narrator. The hadīth is below:
Ḥadīth 21, Imām Al-Nawawī's 40 Aḥādīth.
On the authority of Abū 'Amr- and he is also known as Abū 'Amrah Sufyān ibn ʿAbdullāh (raḍī Allāhu ʿan hu) who said: I said, ''Oh Messenger of Allāh, tell me something about Islām that I cannot ask anyone other than you.'' He said, ''Say, 'i believe in Allāh and then remain steadfast upon that'' (related by Muslim).
pg 120 Explanatory Notes on Imām al-Nawawī’s Forty Aḥādīth -Revisited (Tarbiyyah Publishing)
The sisters were unsure how to approach this when memorising, bearing in mind the ḥadīth of the Messenger where he descends from the pulpit saying "ameen" on three ocassions, one being in response to Jibra'eel rebuking (may his nose be rubbed/covered in dust) the one who does not send salutations on the Messenger when he is mentioned.
We were wondering do we send salutations on the Prophet when being tested in recalling the ḥadīth, or do we memorise the ḥadīth as it is; verbatim?
[A]: Read the text out loud as is, do not add anything, and say "ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam" silently to yourself. This is what my shaykh, Muḥammad ʿUmar Bāzmūl (may Allāh preserve him) does when he recites khuṭbah al-haajah intending to recite it verbatim as a text. He pauses and says "ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam" under his breath when he gets to wa anna muhammadan abduhu wa rasooluhu.
And Allāh knows best.
Answered by: Mūsá Richardson