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Taqwá - troid.org | Islamic Articles and Audio

A Roadmap for the Student of Knowledge

  Shaykh Muḥammad Ghālib al-ʿUmarī

On Saturday 2018.06.30, the Salafī community in Toronto had the pleasure of conducting their first lecture link with Shaykh Muḥammad Ghālib al-ʿUmarī (Dubai, UAE). The lecture, translated by Ustādh Abū Idrīs (Birmingham, England), laid out a roadmap for the potential student of knowledge; the traits that exemplify the upright moral character that is requisite of such a noble pursuit. 

Advice to the Muslimāt

  Abū Khadījah ʿAbd al-Wāḥid

A reminder to the Muslimāt (Muslim women) concerning their honourable role in society. The role of the Muslim woman is a role of guidance and nurturing, raising children upon the Sunnah, producing a generation of young men and women who know their religion and practise it. An important speech in light of the image of oppression and ‘backwardness’ cast by the Western media.

Allāh Is Greater

   

The need for the heart to be pure and clean is the only way to good deeds and success whereas the corruption of the heart leads to sin and the hellfire.

Audio: Cooperating within a Community upon Birr and Taqwá

 In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

  Cooperating within a Community upon Birr and Taqwá

The Muslim is in a time of strangeness and in a land (the West) where he is a stranger so he is in dire need of support and assistance from Allāh, Subḥānahu wa taʿālá, most importantly, and from his brothers and sisters. So it is of utmost importance to cooperate with each other upon birr and taqwá because we are in dire need of help and support from each other to maintain our creed, our religion and our morality. ʿUmar Quinn gives general advice on cooperating upon what is pleasing to Allāh and building and dealing with all the affairs of a community in a manner most pleasing to Him. (From a telelink at Masjid al-Furqān (TROID) 08/015.)  


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Audio: Explanation of al-Taqwá

 In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

  Explanation of al-Taqwá

Allāh (subhānahu wa taʿālá) said, “O you who believe fear Allāh as he should be feared, and do not die except as Muslims." He has commanded us to have taqwá (fear) of him in numerous places in the Qurʾān. But how does one fear Allāh? And how does this benefit him in this life and in the hereafter? Shaykh ʿAbdullāh al-Bukhārī explains. 


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Audio: We Are the Strangers

 In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

  We Are the Strangers

A short, passionate and humourous talk by Abū Ḥakīm Bilāl Davis, at the White Mountains in al-Madīnah, about how Allāh has blessed Ahl al-Sunnah, in every time and place, with the desire to be together and with recognizing that they are different from the people around them, and for that reason, they come together and love each other for the sake of Allāh taʿala. (From the 2012 Five Pillars Dawrah in Medīnah, Saudi Arabia, hosted by the brothers at Salafī Publications.)


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Beacons Along the Path

   

Aḥādīth which serve as reminders for the Muslim with regards to general aspects of life and manners.

Benefit: Adjusting Your Dīn to Please People Opens the Door to Many Evils

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 Abū Idrīs reminds us of the statement of Imām al-Shafiʿī: If you were to try to please all of the people it would be impossible. Therefore, make your actions and statements for Allāh alone. If you adjust your dīn to please individuals (just so you can network etc.), then you compromise your whole dīn. Our religion is based only upon pleasing Allāh and nothing else! 


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Benefit: Allāh Looks Not to Your Bodies Nor to Your Faces; Rather He Looks to Your Hearts

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

From Abū Hurayrah ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Sakhr, may Allāh be pleased with him, who said: The Messenger of Allāh, may Allāh raise his rank and grant him peace, said: «Indeed, Allāh looks not to your bodies, nor to your faces; rather He looks to your hearts [and deeds].1» 

Shaykh al-ʿUthaymīn comments:2

Allāh, the Perfect and Most High, does not look to the slaves and their bodies, and whether they are large or small in stature, nor whether they stand in good health or illness. He does not look to their faces, and whether or not they are beautiful or hideous. All of these affairs are of [absolutely] no significance to Allāh. Similarly, He does not look towards their lineage nor ancestry, and whether or not they are of nobility or ignobility, nor does He look towards their wealth. He does not look towards any of these affairs at all.

There lies no connection between Allāh and His creation except through at-taqwá (righteousness). Whomever possesses more taqwá of Allāh, is nearer to Him, and thus most honorable with Him, so do not take pride in your wealth, nor in your beauty, nor in your body, nor in your children, nor in your palaces, nor in your cars, nor in any worldly matter. Indeed, if Allāh granted you success in attaining al-taqwá, it is from the His Grace upon you, so praise Allāh.

[1] Related by Muslim, no. 2564.
[2] Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn, Sharḥ Rīyaḍ as-Ṣāliḥīn, 1/61 - (Dār al-Watan) 

Translated by Umm Sufyān Fāṭimah

Benefit: Do Not be Bedazzled by the Majority

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Every Muslim should be cautious against being deluded by the majority and reasoning by saying, “Everyone does this and that and everyone practices this and that (act), so I am with them”. This is a great calamity which destroyed many people of old.

So, O intelligent one, upon you is to look to your own self and hold yourself accountable. Upon you is to hold fast to the truth even if the people abandon it. Upon you is to be cautious against that which Allāh has prohibited even if the people engage in it; for indeed, the truth is more deserving of adherence. Allāh mentions:

وَإِن تُطِعْ أَكْثَرَ مَن فِي الْأَرْضِ يُضِلُّوكَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ
And if you obey most of those on earth, they will mislead you far away from Allāh's path.
[Sūrah al-Anʿām, 6:116]

وَمَا أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتَ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ 
And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly.
[Sūrah Yūsuf, 12:103]

Some of the Salaf used to say: "Do not be disheartened from the truth due to its small following, and do not be deceived by falsehood due to its large following."

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz

Source: Majmūʿ al-Fatāwa 411/12 
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Fear Allāh and Seek Nearness to Him

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh al-Albānī comments on Sūrah al-Māʾidah, 5:35,
In the Name of Allāh, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy...

Allāh, the Perfect and Most High states:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ وَابْتَغُوا إِلَيْهِ الْوَسِيلَةَ وَجَاهِدُوا فِي سَبِيلِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
«O you who believe! Do your duty to Allāh and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful.»1

Shaykh al-Albānī comments:2

"...The Imām of the scholars of Tafsīr, al-Ḥāfiẓ ibn Jareer (raḥimahullāh) in explaining this verse, commented: "O you who affirm all that Allāh and His Messenger have informed you of, the reward He promised and the punishment He threatened!

اتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ
«Fear Allāh»

He commented: "Respond to Allāh by obeying Him in all that He has commanded you with and forbade you from."

وَابْتَغُوا إِلَيْهِ الْوَسِيلَة
«Seek the means of approach to Him»

He commented: "Seek nearness to Him by performing deeds pleasing to Him."

al-Ḥāfiẓ ibn Kathīr relates from Ibn ʿʿAbbās (raḍī Allāhu `anhumaa) that the meaning of waseelah is "to draw near." He related the likes of that from Mujāhid, Abū Waa.il, al-Ḥasan, `ʿAbdullāh ibn Kathīr, as-Suddee, Ibn Zayd and others. He further related from Qatādah that he said regarding it: ‘Meaning: You draw near to Him by obeying Him and performing deeds pleasing to Him.'

Imām Ibn Kathīr then stated: "This is what these Imām's have said regarding this, and there is no disagreement between the scholars of tafsīr about it. And al-Waseelah is that which delivers one to the attainment of what he intends."3

__________________________________
[1] Sūrah al-Maʾidah (5):35.
[2] Shaykh al-Albānī, al-Tawassul, Anwaa'uhuwa Aḥkāmuhu, p13.
[3] Ibn Kathīr, Tafsīr ibn Kathīr, 2/52-53).  

Translated by Umm Sufyān Fāṭimah

Benefit: I'm Stressed Out. I'm Angry. I've Had Enough. I'm Going to Explode!!

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

All praise is due to Allāh. May the al-Ṣalāh and the Salām be upon Prophet Muḥammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow him in goodness until the Day of Recompense, as to what proceeds:

Indeed, the life of the Dunyā is one of toil and struggle for the believer up until the time when he meets his Lord. It is for this reason that Allāh has enjoined patience upon His slaves and has made it such an integral part of the religion of al-Islām.  The All-Knowing, the All-Wise, has mentioned patience more than 90 times in the Qurʾān, from them is His, the Most High, statement:

"And say not of those who are killed in the Way of Allāh, 'They are dead.' Nay, they are living, but you perceive (it) not. (154) And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to al-Ṣabirīn (the patient ones, etc.)."
[Al-Baqarah 2:154-155]

And His Statement:

"By al-ʿAṣr (the time). (1) Verily! Man is in loss, (2) Except those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth (i.e. order one another to perform all kinds of good deeds (Al-Maʿruf) which Allāh has ordained, and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds (Al-Munkar) which Allāh has forbidden), and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allāh's Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism or Jihad, etc.). (3)"
[Sūrah-'ʿAṣr: 103-1-3]

In the first of the above two passages from Allāh's Glorious Book, Allāh informs His slaves of the sure fact that they will be tried and tested. However, it should be known that the objective of Allāh's tests and trials is not for Him, the All-Knowing of what is in the breasts, to acquire some knowledge about His slave that He didn't have. Rather, they are means by which He distinguishes the people of firm īmān from those who have weak or no īmān, the people of at-taqwá and love of Allāh from the disobedient ones. As Allāh says in His Book,

"Alif-Lam-Mim. (1) Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: "We believe," and will not be tested. (2) And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allāh will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allāh knows all that before putting them to test). (3)"
[Sūrah al-ʿAnkabūt 29:1-3]

The reality of this affair can be seen in the fact that when some Muslims are tested they are actually strengthened in their forbearance and reliance upon Allāh; while others are driven to despair and become disobedient to Allāh and His Messenger, ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam. This is from the deceptions of Shayṭān who threatens the slave with poverty and afterwards incites him to do what is unlawful to save himself from it. As Allāh says about him,

"Shayṭān threatens you with poverty and orders you to commit Fahsha (evil deeds, illegal sexual intercourse, sins etc.); whereas Allāh promises you Forgiveness from Himself and Bounty, and Allāh is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower."
[Sūrah al-Baqarah 2:268]

In this second of these passages mentioned above (al-‘ʿAṣr 103:1-3), Allāh informs us that all of mankind is doomed except those who have the two qualities mentioned therein (a) īmān, which consist of belief in the heart, testification with the tongue and  action with the limbs, and (b) patience. How are these two qualities related? ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib, may Allāh be pleased with him, said "Sabr (patience) is to īmān as the head is to the body; if the head is removed then the body will fall." Saying that, he raised his voice and proclaimed, "You cannot have faith without patience!" For this reason, al-Shāfiʿī said concerning Sūrah-‘ʿAṣr;"If Allāh had sent down upon his creation no other proof besides this Sūrah it would have sufficed them"1

After a brief introduction, I would like to share some of my personal experiences with my brothers and sisters in hope that they are benefited by them. And Allāh says,

"Therefore, remind (men) in case the reminder profits (them). (9) The reminder will be received by him who fears (Allāh), (10)"
[Sūrah-'Alā 87:9-10]

I am a Muslim who, at the time of writing this article, is 34 years of age, and I have been in prison for the past twelve years. Due to a number of factors such as distance, frequent transfers, etc., I have not had a single visit from a family member over the course of the past twelve years. About half-way through my incarceration, I was faced with the calamity which every incarcerated person dreads, and that is the death of my mother with whom I was very close, as I am her only child just as she was her mother's only child. I myself have only one child whom I have not seen since I left the streets in 1998 except in pictures, and my contact with her has been sparse to say the least. Three of the past twelve years were spent on lock down at a maximum security prison in Marion IL, USA. These are some of my personal trials.  As for the religious and general trials, then they are many, such as those who are abandoned by their wives or friends and family, the harassment by the correctional officers to the Muslims. In fact, today an officer went into a Muslim's cell under the premise of a "Shakedown” (a cell search for contraband, etc.) and took all of his Islamic books claiming that he had too many. He only left him with secular novels and a bible! The “shakedown” is what the officers use to antagonize the inmates who they don't like. So at any given time an officer may go into your room, search through your belongings, taking your personal items and having no respect for anything that belongs to the inmate.

One may think that people in prison have it easy due to the fact that we get three meals a day and a free bed, however, the prison system serves pork almost on a regular basis, so if a Muslim doesn't have the support of his/her family, there will be a lot of hungry nights. But in spite of all this, and many other trails that I have declined to mention, some more significant than others, Allāh has made my incarceration a source of guidance and abundance of good.  He has made my prison to be a University and my cell to be a place of worship and study, thereby increasing me in īmān and at-Tawakkul (trust) upon him. By Allāh, nothing has been taken from me except that Allāh has replaced it with that which is better.  For I have seen individuals, both Muslims and non-Muslims, experience not even half the trials that I have endured, yet have twice the complaints.  Indeed, some have even been driven to disobedience, apostasy from the religion or insanity. But a servant cannot be given a gift better and more abundant than patience.

My dear friend and mentor, who is incarcerated in another prison, is currently serving a sentence of double life plus fifty!!  ‘O Muslim, let this sink in, DOUBLE LIFE PLUS FIFTY.  This means hypothetically (if Allāh doesn't decree his release), that if he were to die twice, he would have to come back and give the system 50 move years! But by Allāh, I have never seen a Muslim more upbeat; having more sincerity to Allāh, more love for Allāh, His Messenger, and the believers; more of a reminder of what the Salaf were upon and more patient. This is what I think of him and I praise no one over Allāh. So how bad is your situation?

On the authority of Abū Hurayrah, from Allāh's Messenger, ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam, who said, “When one of you looks to one who has been favoured over him in wealth or appearance, let him look to one who is lower than himself as opposed to one who favoured over him"2

On the authority of Khabbāb, Allāh's Messenger, ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam said: “Amongst those who came before you, a man would be sawn in half, but that would not cause him to abandon his religion"3

I advise the Muslims to have patience for the sake of Allāh. Have patience and Allāh will compensate you. And know that with every hardship comes two reliefs, as Allāh said,

"So verily, with the hardship, there is relief, (5) Verily, with the hardship, there is relief (i.e. there is one hardship with two reliefs, so one hardship cannot overcome two reliefs). (6)"
[al-Sharḥ 94:5-6]

The scholars have explained that first relief comes when Allāh removes the hardship. The second comes in the hereafter when the slave meets Allāh and is rewarded for his patience.  This is in addition to the fact that Allāh grants leadership to his slaves due to their patience and their firm faith, as Allāh says,

"And We made from among them (Children of Israel), leaders, giving guidance under Our Command, when they were patient and used to believe with certainty in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). (24)"
[Sūrah al-Sajdah 32:24]

As for my affair, indeed it is a blessed one; for patience is the fruit of proper belief in Allāh, the mighty majestic and his qadr. Due to it a slave knows that (a) nothing comes to him of good or evil except that which Allāh has decreed for him, (b) Allāh is in full control of all of the affairs, (c) that Allāh does not burden any soul beyond what it can bear.

On the authority of Saʿd ibn Abī Waqqās, Allāh’s Messenger, ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam said, “The most severely tried amongst mankind are the Prophets; then those that are most like them, then those that are most like them. The people are tried according to their level of faith..." 4

So be patient with the trials of life, may Allāh bless you, and look for your reward with Allāh, the mighty and majestic.  Put your trust in Allāh while acting within the legislated parameters. This is the path to success. May the prayers and peace be upon Muḥammad, his family and Companions, amīn.

So be patient (O Muḥammad ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam). Verily, the Promise of Allāh is true, and ask forgiveness for your fault, and glorify the praises of your Lord in the Ashi (i.e. the time period after the mid noon till sunset) and in the Ibkar (i.e. the time period from early morning or sunrise till before mid noon) [it is said that, that means the five compulsory congregational Salat (prayers) or the 'ʿAṣr and Fajr prayers]. (55)
[Sūrah Ghāfir 40:55] 

Written by one in need of Allāh: Raha ʿAzīzuddīn Batts

Endnotes:
1) Taken from al-Thalāthah al-Uṣūl by Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhāb.
2)Ṣaḥīḥ Al-Bukhārī, Kitāb al-Riqāq, Ḥadīth # 6490
3) Reported by Aḥmad, al-Bukhārī and Abū Dāwūd
4) Reported by al-Tirmidhī #2398, Ibn Mājah #4023, al-Dārimī 2/320, Aḥmad, and it is authentic.

Benefit: Increase in Your Love of Allāh

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

We have been ordered in the Book and the Sunnah to follow the way of the Companions, may Allāh be pleased with them. From the greatest attributes of the Companions was the softness of their hearts and the tremendous love of Allāh, subḥānahu wa ta'aala. How many narrations mention the weeping of the Companions after hearing verses from the Book of Allāh? Where are we in this regard? Listen to this strong admonition from Abū Khadījah and take heed of this important aspect of the religion. May Allāh increase you in guidance.


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