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Topic-icon Series: Benefits from Foundations of The Sunnah

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8 years 9 months ago - 8 years 9 months ago #1260 by J.Finch
As-Salaamu Alaykum,

Bismillah:

If Allah wills, then if our brothers at TROID, may Allah aid them, allow me, I would like to begin a thread highlighting some of the benefits found in Imām Aḥmad's [d. 241 AH] well-known book: Foundations of The Sunnah (Usūl as-Sunnah), may Allah have mercy on him.

I wanted to highlight these benefits to illuminate the fact that not only did Imām Aḥmad, may Allah have mercy on him, have a math-hab in fiqh, but he also had a math-hab in creed ('aqīdah) and methodology (manhaj) (1).

The forth-coming benefits will mainly be taken from Shaykh Aḥmad al-Najmī's [d. 1429 AH] (2) Explanation of Foundations of The Sunnah , may Allah have mercy on him. I ask Allah to allow this series to be a benefit to me and to its readers.
[Pt:1 - A Few Facts About Imām Aḥmad]

Before we begin with some of the benefits found in Foundations of The Sunnah, here are a few facts about its author: Imām Aḥmad b. Hanbal, may Allah have mercy on him:

1. His Name: Abū Abdillah Aḥmad b. Muhammad b. Hanbal

2. His Date of Birth: 20th of Rabee' al-Awwal, 164 AH

3. Place of BIrth: Baghdaad

4. The Date of His Death: Jumu'ah, the 11th of Rabee' al-Awwal, 241 AH, and he was 77 years old when he passed away

5. Place of Death: Baghdaad

6. Characteristics of Imām Aḥmad, may Allah have mercy on him:

- He was known to be the from the best of people to keep company with

- He was known to be well-mannered

- He was known to be pious

- He was known to be far removed from ill and frivolous speech

- Only Prophetic tradition (Hadith) and stories of the righteous and ascetics were heard in his speech

- Imam Aḥmad, may Allah have Mercy on him, was tested with the trial of "The Creation of The Qurʾān" for 23 years...
Ibn Abee Y'alaa [d. 526 AH], may Allah have mercy on him, said: "...Imām Aḥmad is the Imām of Ahl al-Sunnah by
consensus. He is the one who stood firm during the "Trial of the Creation of Qurʾān" until Allah, The Most High,
clarified the truth by way of his firmness..." (3)

Next, inshaa Allah: The Importance of Studying The Correct Islāmic Creed (‘Aqīdah) and The Status of Imām Aḥmad’s Book: Foundations of The Sunnah...

Test Your Understanding:

1. What is Imām Aḥmad's full name?

2. When and where was he born?

3. When and where did he pass away?

4. Mention some of his noble characteristics.

5. Who is Shaykh Aḥmad al-Najmī? See footnote #2.

Your brother in Islām and the Sunnah,

Jameel Finch

__________

(1) Manhaj: “The manner in which a student of knowledge [on other than him] calls to Allah.” Aḥmad al-Najmī, al-Fataawaa al-Jaliyyah, 1/15

(2) Shaykh Aḥmad b. al-Najmī [d.1429 AH] is the former Muftee of the souther region of Jaazaan, Sadi Arabia. He was appointed to this position personally by al-Allāmah Abdul-Azīz b. Bāz [d. 1420 AH]. Aḥmad al-Najmī, An Explanation of Foundations of The Sunnah, 12

(3) Aḥmad al-Najmī, Explanation of Foundations of The Sunnah, 9-10, 32
Last edit: 8 years 9 months ago by J.Finch. Reason: Typos, Title
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8 years 9 months ago #1299 by J.Finch
[Pt:2-The Importance of Studying The Correct Islamic Creed and The Status of Imām Aḥmad's Book: Foundations of The Sunnah]
[The Importance of Studying The Correct Islamic Creed]

Al-Allāmah Salih al-Fawzān (1), may Allah protect him, said:

"The correct Islamic creed is the most obligatory of affairs. This is because the correctness and acceptance of actions is built upon it. For these reasons, the Messengers and their followers, prayers and peace be upon them, began with rectifying creed from what nullifies it [in totality] and from what makes it deficient [in some aspects].

"There are an abundant number of verses in the Qurʾān which discuss the importance if rectifying creed. [Furthermore], the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, spent much time rectifying creed. He, prayers and peace upon him, remained in Makkah thirteen years calling to monotheism and rectifying creed.

"[Additionally], after Makkah was handed over, the first thing that the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace be upon, did was demolish all idols. He, prayers and peace upon him, also ordered that all worship be for Allah alone and that He (Allah) does not have any partners...(2)"
[The Status of Imām Aḥmad’s Book: Foundations of the Sunnah]


Before going into the book, here are a few scholarly praises for “Foundations of The Sunnah”:

1. Al-Qaadhi Abū Y’alaa al-Hanbali [d. 526 AH] (3), may Allah have mercy on him, said: If a man travelled to China to study ‘Foundations of The Sunnah’, that would be considered a short distance...(4)

2. Shaykh Aḥmad an-Najmi [d. 1429 AH], may Allah shower him with mercy, said: " ‘Foundations of The Sunnah’ is small in size but comprehensive in meaning. (5)

3. Shaykh Rabi’ b. Haadi al-Madkhali, may Allah have protect him from all evil, said: "...From the summarized books written on clarifying the correct Islamic creed and methodology is ‘Foundations of The Sunnah’ which was written by the mountain of knowledge, Imām Aḥmad b. Hanbal, the one with whose creed and methodology we use as a criteria to determine who is following truth or falsehood... Study this concise book...(6)"
[Strengthen Your Understanding]

1. Mention some words about the importance of the correct Islamic creed.

2. Mention some scholarly praise about ‘Foundations of The Sunnah’.

Next, inshaa Allah: The first foundation of the Sunnah...

Your brother in Islām and the Sunnah,

Jameel Finch

__________

(1) Ṣāliḥ Fawzān is a member of The Permanent Committee of Scholars of Saudi Arabia.

(2) Ṣāliḥ Fawzān, Irshaad ila Ṣaḥīh al-‘Itiqaad..., 6

(3) Ibn Abi Y’alaa al-Hanbali [d. 526 AH] was a well-known Hanbali scholar from Baghdād. Aḥmad an-Najmi, An Explanation of Foundations of The Sunnah, 32

(4) Ibid

(5) Ibid

(6) Summarized: Rabi’ al-Madkhali, An Explanation of Foundations of The Sunnah, 6

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8 years 8 months ago - 8 years 8 months ago #1360 by J.Finch
[Pt:3 - The First Principle of the Sunnah]

Imām Aḥmad [d. 241 AH], may Allah have mercy on him, said:
“We believe that from the foundations of the Sunnah is that: We hold on tight to what the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, were upon.”

Shaykh Aḥmad al-Najmī [d. 1429 AH], may Allah have mercy on him, commented on this foundation by saying:

It is obligatory for the student of knowledge to read the biography of the Prophet, peace be upon him, and it is obligatory for him to read the biographies of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah be pleased with them, so the student will know: What were the Companions upon?

[What the Companions were upon Pertaining to Innovation]
[/b]

Indeed, innovation sprouted up after them, and from the first of these innovation were:

1. The innovation of the Khaawarij (Rebels Against Governmental Leadership) (1);

2. The innovation of the Rafdh (The Shi’ah) (2)

3. The innovation of al-‘Itizaal (3); and

4. The innovation of al-Qadr (4)

When these innovations appeared, there is no doubt that the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, took a position of stern rebuke and pro-activeness [against these innovations]:
[An Example of Alee b. Abee Taalib’s [d. 40 AH] Stern Rebuke of Innovation]

Alee b. Abee Taalib, may Allah be pleased with him, took a position of stern rebuke against the innovation of the Khawarij (The Rebels) (5). He sent his cousin Ibn 'Abbās [d. 68 AH] to debate with them about their innovation. [After debating with them] four thousand returned [to the truth], and the rest of them persisted [in their falsehood] (6). Consequently, Alee b. Abee Taalib fought against them in the battle of an-Nahrawaan.

[TN]: It is clear that Ibn Abbās mentioned their innovation in his debate with them, and that he did not keep silent about it. This is because it is impossible to debate someone about a mistake unless you bring it up. Allah knows best.
[An Example of ‘Abdullah b.‘Umar’s [d. 73 AH] Stern Rebuke of Innovation]

Imām Muslim [d. 261 AH], may Allah have mercy on him, reported in his authentic collection of Prophetic traditions that: “When Abdullah b. ‘Umar heard about the innovation of the Qadariyyah (7), He (Abdullah b. Umar), said: ‘If you see them, tell them that: Verily, I am free from them, and that they are free from me.’ Then, he went on to narrate to those around him ‘The Hadith of Jibreel.’ ”... (8) [Muslim #1] (9)

Additional Benefit:

[An Example of Imām 'Abdul-'Azīz Bin Bāz's [d. 1420 AH] Sterness]
[/b]

Shaykh 'Ubayd al-Jaabaree, may Allah protect him, said: "...Shaykh Ibn Bāz, may Allah have mercy on him, was one of the signatories from the Committee of Major Scholars who signed a resolution addressed to those in charge of Saudi Arabia to have some well-known, vocal activists, who went over board and made mistakes, dealt with. Some of them were dealt with by being detained and thrown in prison, while others were dealt with by being detained. From this, it becomes clear that the Shaykh was stern when nothing would benefit the situation except for sternness, and he was gentle when he saw that gentleness would be beneficial[/color]." (10)
[Strengthen Your Understanding]

1. What is the first principle of the Sunnah?

2. Who are the Khawaarij?

3. Did the Companions take a position of rebuke or a position of tolerance with innovation?

4. How did Alee b. Abee Taalib, may Allah be pleased with him, handle innovation?

5. How did Abdullah b. 'Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, handle innovation?

Next, inshaa Allah, the second foundation of the Sunnah...

Your brother in Islām and the Sunnah,

Abū Adam Jameel Finch

__________

(1) The Khawaarij (Rebels) are a sect that earned their name due to them rebelling against Ali b. Abi Taalib, may Allah be pleased with him...

(2) The Raafidha (Shi’ah) are those who deny the caliphate of Abū Bakr and ‘Umar and free themselves from them. They also speak vilely and criticize the Companions of the Messenger of Allah.

(3) The Mu’atazilah are a sect who believes that if a Muslim commits a major sin, he is neither a believer nor a non-believer; rather, he his stuck in a station between the two.

(4) The Qadariyyah are a sect that believes Allah, the Most High, has nothing to do with the actions of his slaves; rather, the slave is in complete control of himself, [and Allah’s will plays no part]. [The also have other beliefs which contradict the beliefs of Ahl al-Sunnah]...

(5) See footnote #2

(6) Shaykh Fawzān, may Allah protect him, on Mixing with Groups:

Shaykh Fawzān, may Allah protect him, said: Mixing with the different groups [who oppose the correct understanding of Islam] if done with the purpose of Calling to Allah -by someone who has insight- with the purpose of calling them to practice the Sunnah and to leave off mistakes is something good, and it is considered calling to Allah.

However, if the purpose of mixing with them is to make friends and hang out together, without calling them to Allah, and without clarifying affairs, then this is impermissible. It is not permissible for a person to mix with those who oppose the correct understanding of Islām except that you are there to provide the Islamically legislated benefit of calling them to and clarifying for them the correct understanding of Islām, so that perhaps they will return [to the truth]...

This is what Ibn Abbās did when he went to the Khawaarij (The Rebels). He went to them debated with them and annihilated their doubts, as a result whoever [was persuaded by his argument] from them returned to the truth. So, if mixing with them is from this angle, then this is something praiseworthy. However, if they insist on continuing in their falsehood, it is obligatory to stay away from them, abandon them and refute them in the path of Allah. - See: Siyaanatus Salafī, pp. 210-257 of Aḥmad Bazmool, may Allah protect him, for a detailed discussion on mixing with those who oppose the correct understanding of Islām.

(7) See footnote #4

(8) [TN]: In which it is mentioned that believing in pre-ordained destiny is from the pillars of faith.

(9) Aḥmad al-Najmī, Explanation of Foundations of The Sunnah, 33-35

(10) Siyaaatus Salafī, Aḥmad Bazmool, 218
Last edit: 8 years 8 months ago by J.Finch. Reason: Additional Benefits

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8 years 8 months ago - 8 years 8 months ago #1403 by J.Finch
[Pt:4 - The Second Foundation of the Sunnah]
[/b]

Imām Aḥmad [d. 241 AH], may Allah have mercy on him, said:
We believe that from the foundations of the Sunnah is that: We take the Companions an example to be followed.
Shaykh Aḥmad al-Najmī [1429 AH], may Allah have mercy on him, commented on this foundation by saying:

The meaning of this foundation is that we take the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, as an example to be followed. We also believe that they are the best of this nation, that they are those whom Allah loves the most, and that they are those who best understood how to get close to Allah.

Allah, The Most High, says: “And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way, We shall keep him in the path that he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination.” [Surah an-Nisaa (4): 115] - Noble Quran, King Fahd Complex

Those being referred to in Allah’s statement: “…And followers other than the believers’ way…” are the Companions, who were the firmest of this nation as it pertains to in belief, and the highest ranking of this nation to Allah in status. The Prophet, prayers and peace upon him, said: “If one of you gave an amount of wealth in gold equaling the size of Uhud (1), it would not equal a Mudd (2) of wealth given by one of the Companions; rather, not even a half of Mudd given by one of them.” [al-Bukhārī]

So, in the previously mentioned verse, those intended by the term ‘believers’ are the Companions of the Messenger of Allah. As for those who follow other than the way of the Companions, and implement a way other than their way, then they have gone far astray and are in a state of clear loss. And it is sufficient for the one who has chosen this way that Allah has threatened to leave him to the path he has chosen, and that he has threatened to enter him into the evil abode of the Hell Fire. And we seek refuge with Allah [from that].

So, it becomes crystal clear from what has proceeded that it is obligatory for every student of knowledge to follow the path of the believers, who are the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him. (3)

Next, inshaa Allah, A Look at the Muslim Brotherhood’s (al-Ikhwaan al-Muslimoon's) Lack of Application of Following the Companions…
[Strengthen Your Understanding]

1. What is the second Foundation of the Sunnah?

2. Who are the best of the Muslim nation, and what is your proof?


Your brother in Islām and the Sunnah,

Abū Adam Jameel Finch

__________

(1) A mountain in Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

(2) Mudd: www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=24&Topic=11358

(3) Aḥmad al-Najmī, Explanation of Foundations of The Sunnah, 36
Last edit: 8 years 8 months ago by J.Finch. Reason: Definition of Mudd

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8 years 5 months ago #1686 by Mohsin Salafi
Replied by Mohsin Salafi on topic Series: Benefits from Foundations of The Sunnah
JazakAllah

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