Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salāmu 'ala rasulullaah
Sunan Of 'Eid
It is true to say that although much information has reached us about Fasting and Ramadaan - authentic or otherwise - we know very little about the etiquettes of 'Eid: what we are recommended to do in this day and what is obligatory for us to do. Below is a brief list of some of the prescribed practices of 'Eid.
1. It is established from the Companion Ibn 'Umar (radiallaahu 'anhumma) that he used to bathe on the morning of 'Eid. The tabi'ee Sa'eed ibn al Musayyib (raḥimahullāh) said:
The sunnah of the fitr is three:walking to the Prayer-ground,eating before going out and taking a bath.
[Ṣaḥīh - Al Firyaabee & al-Irwaa (2/104)]
2. It is known that the companion Ibn 'Umar would also dressed in his best clothes for the two 'Eids as reported by Ibn Hajr (raḥimahullāh) in his Fathul-Baaree (2/439).
3. It is compulsory on all adult sane Muslims to pray the 'Eid prayer. The Prophet - ṣallallāhu 'alaihi wa sallam - and his Companions never ceased doing it and he - ṣallallāhu 'alaihi wa sallam - commanded everyone including women, children and the elderly to attend. Even menstruating women should go to the place of congregation so that they may partake in the blessings .[Bukharee and Muslim]
4. It is Sunnah to eat dates before we leave for Al-'Eid prayer to show openly that we are not fasting on this day. The Prophet - ṣallallāhu 'alaihi wa sallam - used not to leave for Al-Eid [al-Fitr] prayer except after eating some dates. [Reported by Anas bin Maalik (radiallaahu 'anhu), collected in Ṣaḥīh al-Bukhārī (Eng. trans. vol.2 p.40 no.73) and Aḥmad.]
5. It is Sunnah to say takbeer loudly when leaving our homes to go
to 'Eid prayer and repeat these till the prayer starts. [Silsilatal-Aḥādīth-Ṣaḥīhah (no 171).]
6. It is preferable to pray the 'Eid prayer on open ground and not
at the masjid if possible. [Bukharee and Muslim]
7. Neither Adhaan nor Iqaamah are said for 'Eid prayer. [Reported by
Ibn 'Abbās and Jaabir ibn 'Abdullah (radiallaahu 'anhum) and collected in Ṣaḥīh al-Bukhārī (Eng. trans. vol.2 p.40)]
8. It is Sunnah to say the extra takbeers i.e. say 'Allaahu Akbar' seven times in the first rak'ah and five times in the second. [Abū Dāwūd, Aḥmad & others.] It is preferable to only raise the hands to the shoulders after the first takbeer and then fold them upon the chest. However, it is authentically reported from Ibn 'Umar (radhiAllaahu 'anhumma) that he would raise his hands with every takbeer.
9. It is Sunnah to take different routes to and from the prayer ground, preferably walking if possible. Jaabir reported that the Prophet - ṣallallāhu 'alaihi wa sallam - used to come back from the 'Eid prayer on a path other than the one used in going to it. [Bukharee]
WHAT TO SAY ON THE DAY OF 'EID
The Prophet - ṣallallāhu 'alaihi wa sallam - would say takbeer loudly when travelling to go to the 'Eid prayer. Aḥadīth have not reached us telling us exactly what he used to say, but Ibn Abee Shayhah narrated that Ibn Mas'ood (radhiAllaahu 'anhu) used to say the following:
Shurayh an-Nakha'i said: My wife died before me. I wish she could take from my life or that we died together. I have seen how men hit their wives. May my hand be paralysed if my hand hits Zaynab. |al-Ahkam 1/462|