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Topic-icon Common Errors (Advice to Writers/Transcribers)

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6 years 10 months ago - 6 years 10 months ago #2528 by troid.org admin
Common Errors (Advice to Writers/Transcribers) was created by troid.org admin
The following are a list of common errors we find in writing (reviews etc.)

1. Endnotes not endnotes: endnotes go at the bottom of a page, mostly, we use endnotes (end of a [web] document)

2. Sentence Fragment: A SENTENCE FRAGMENT fails to be a sentence in the sense that it cannot stand by itself. It does not contain even one independent clause. There are several reasons why a group of words may seem to act like a sentence but not have the wherewithal to make it as a complete thought.

In Japan, during the last war and just before the armistice.
This sentence accomplishes a great deal in terms of placing the reader in time and place, but there is no subject, no verb.

Examples of fragments: grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/fragments.htm

3. Englishisation of Arabic words: Not really an error but it would make more sense to say masājid/mosques than masjids since masjids is not an English word. By doing so we are adding words to the Muslim lingo but its not very academic. Alternatively, imams works because imam is in the english dictionary (oxford).

4. Missing Subject: Sentence Subjects. The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something. You can find the subject of a sentence if you can find the verb. Ask the question, "Who or what 'verbs' or 'verbed'?" and the answer to that question is the subject.

What he had already forgotten about computer repair could fill whole volumes,
—the simple subject is not "computer repair," nor is it "what he had forgotten," nor is it "he." Ask what it is that "could fill whole volumes." Your answer should be that the entire underlined clause is the simple subject.

Examples: grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/subjects.htm

5. Comma splice: A comma splice is the use of a comma to join two independent clauses. For example: It is nearly half past five, we cannot reach town before dark. Although acceptable in some languages and compulsory in others (e.g. Bulgarian), comma splices are usually considered style errors in English.

This is the most common error in English writing.

Fanning the slice of pizza with a napkin, Jolene waited for it to cool, she had already burned the roof of her mouth with the fried cheese sticks.

The first main clause is Jolene waited for it to cool, and the second is she had already burned the roof of her mouth with the fried cheese sticks. Notice that the two clauses have only a comma connecting them.

Examples: www.chompchomp.com/terms/commasplice.htm

6. Run ons: A run-on is a sentence in which two or more independent clauses (i.e., complete sentences) are joined without appropriate punctuation or conjunction.

My car is out of fuel we cannot reach town before dark.

Examples: grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/runons.htm

7. Subject-verb agreement: Basic Principle: Singular subjects need singular verbs; plural subjects need plural verbs.

Rule 1. A subject will come before a phrase beginning with of. This is a key rule for understanding subjects. The word of is the culprit in many, perhaps most, subject-verb mistakes.

Hasty writers, speakers, readers, and listeners might miss the all-too-common mistake in the following sentence:

Incorrect: A bouquet of yellow roses lend color and fragrance to the room.

Correct: A bouquet of yellow roses lends . . . (bouquet lends, not roses lend)

Examples: grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/sv_agr.htm

8. Dangling modifiers (where the doer of the action (the subject) is not stated or is unclear): A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence.

A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence. A modifier describes, clarifies, or gives more detail about a concept.

Correct: Having finished the assignment, Jill turned on the TV.

Examples: www.towson.edu/ows/moduleDangling.htm

9. Misplaced modifier (where the subject of the modifier is unclear because the modifier was placed in the wrong spot): A misplaced modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that is improperly separated from the word it modifies / describes. Because of the separation, sentences with this error often sound awkward, ridiculous, or confusing.

The following sentence has an incorrect usage:

Having finished the assignment, the TV was turned on.
"Having finished" is a participle expressing action, but the doer is not the TV set (the subject of the main clause): TV sets don't finish assignments. Since the doer of the action expressed in the participle has not been clearly stated, the participial phrase is said to be a dangling modifier.

Examples: owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/597/01/

10. Ambiguous statements (where its unclear what the author is saying)

Examples: www.byrdseed.com/ambiguous-sentences/

11. Pronoun errors: pronouns should agree in number, in person, and should refer clearly to a specific noun.

Incorrect: The characters in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night lives in a world that has been turned upside-down.
Correct: The characters in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night live in a world that has been turned upside-down.

Examples: bethune.yorku.ca/writing/pronoun/

12. Faulty parallelism

Incorrect: He has a sense of humor, good looks and is intelligent. X
Correct: He has a sense of humor, good looks, and intelligence.

Examples: www.uc.utoronto.ca/faulty-parallelism

In shā' Allāh, we hope to expand this list in time.
Last edit: 6 years 10 months ago by troid.org admin.
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