This talk is to remind ourselves of the greatness of the month of Ramadhaan which we are about to enter into and to look at the aspect of Tawhīd which manifests strongly and powerfully in this particular act of worship of fasting in this month.
Also, to look at some of the objectives behind this month of Ramadhaan; what are the qualities, what are the stations that one is trying to achieve and what is one trying to fulfil by the end of this month.
Reading from the book "Manifestations of Tawhīd in Fasting" by a student of Shaykh Ubayd al-Jabiree, Shaykh Muhammed Ghalib ibn Hassaan al-'Umari.
Firstly, fasting is an act of Ibaadah and actualisation of Tawhīd.
When Tawhīd is strong it brings about great benefits to the individual, community and society.
It brings with it safety and security.
Tawhīd is always with a person and is perceived in his actions.
Ramadhaan is the month in which he truly perceives Tawhīd.
With Salah a person performs actions of body.
With Saum/ fasting we refrain from actions of the body. It is abandonment of food, drink, and relations.
We abandon those things like lying, backbiting etc.
“O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V. 2:2).”
Fasting is how we actualise the Uluhiyyah of Allaah.
Fasting is for Allaah alone and Allaah alone will reward for fasting.
How is fasting unique?
The first understanding is that in fasting the aspect of showing off (riya) cannot apply like it can in praying and giving charity riya can enter into these acts of worship.
Except for fasting it is unlikely to enter into this act of worship.
The second understanding is that the reward for fasting is only known to Allaah.
Fasting is unique and the extent of reward for the individual which only Allaah Knows.
Every act of worship some specific reward is mentioned with fasting no specific reward is mentioned as Allaah will reward however He Wills.
The fourth position
All the actions of a servant will be accounted for ....if he has committed oppression against people. People will be able to take from those deeds except fasting.
Fasting cannot be taken from by the people in the account on the Day of Judgement.
Fasting is something that will save him as cannot take from fasting as it is only for Allaah.
When we see this we see how it repels all types of evil.
The reward is not mentioned.
Riya does not manifest itself.
It cannot be taken from for oppression to others.
Ibn al Qayyum says he is forcing his soul to be patient when fasting.
"And seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khashi'un [i.e. the true believers in Allah - those who obey Allah with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise, etc.) and in His Warnings (Hell, etc.)]."
(Also mentioned 2:153)
Seek Aid with patience and prayer.
Scholars say patience is actually fasting.
The aspect of Tawhīd flows through it in a strong manner.
Point 2: Ikhlaas.
Act has to be sincere to Allaah.
“Fasting is done for Me (Allaah) and I reward for it.”
No one except Allaah Knows if you are truly fasting.
It is a secret between you and Allaah.
Shaykh Uthaymeen says there are two statements here.
Allaah makes fasting specifically for Himself.
When you are by yourself you could do something that breaks the fast but when you refrain only Allaah Knows that you remain in obedience.
Shaykh says why reward is left for Yaumal Qiyāmah.
Only fasting will be left with you after all the oppressions have held you to account.
The position of fasting that it can bare whatever oppression is left. This is the saying of Sufyan Ibn ‘Uyainah
Allaah will reward for fasting.
He ascribed reward without any consideration of numbers. A mighty reward without restrictions of numbers.
Fasting is patience in obedience to Allaah, a person may feel pain and hunger.
All types of patience are exhibited into one.
Patience is without any accountability especially when Ikhlaas enters into it.
The aspect of Tawhīd is pronounced within fasting.
So far we mentioned:
1. Fasting as Ibadaah.
2. Fasting is an aspect of Ikhlaas.
Now we move onto
3. Sticking to Sunnah.
We see that obedience to the Messenger is how we actualise the obedience to Allaah and so you are actualising Tawhīd.
Mention the most important of things a Muslim should do.
1. A person should take suhoor as in it is barakah blessings for you.
2. To take dates as part of suhoor.
3. To delay the suhoor as much as possible until the true dawn (the light spreads across the horizon).
Until about 50 verses about two pages of Quran a few minutes to five minutes can be recited.
4. To hasten the breaking of the fast- the iftaar.
5. That a person breaks the fast with fresh (rutab) dates the first stage of dates. The later stage of dates are called tamar.
Then with water if dates are not available.
This is how we follow the messenger sallallaahu alayhi wa salaam.
The second part of talk will be the objectives a person wishes to obtain through fasting.
‘Umm AbdurRahmaan Saliha bint Ahmed Motala
Qur’anic verses from
The Noble Quran Dr Hilali and Dr Khan.
Notes taken with the prior permission of Abu Iyaad.
Manifestations of Tawheed in Ramadhaan.
Abu Iyaad Amjad Rafiq.
Saturday 26 Shaban 1439
12 May 2018
Fasting in Ramadhaan Bradford Event.
Second Part of Talk.
Abu Iyaad began with the Khutbatul Hajah.
In the first part of this talk we established that Fasting/Saum is from the greatest affairs of Ibadaah/ worship due upon the body as an actualisation of the Tawheed of Allaah. Fasting is done for the Sake of Allaah and Allaah will reward for it in a way that is unlike other actions.
So this part of the talk will be the objectives a person wishes to obtain through fasting. One should ask,
“What is a Muslim seeking to gain from every Ramadhaan and his fasting?”
There are maybe four or five objectives that a Muslim should be seeking and taking advantage of or trying to fulfil by way of fasting and they are in no particular order. They can all be used as goals or objectives in which to analyse how you have benefitted and improved in Ramadhaan through fasting. They all return to our central theme which is a manifestation of Tawheed.
1. The first then is Du’aa.
Du’aa is from the greatest types of worship.
Everything that takes place takes place by the Qadr of Allaah; the benefit and the harm.
Du’aa is the greatest types of worship as it can have an effect upon the Qadr.
There are daily supplications adhkaar of the morning and evening.
In Ramadhaan specific du’aa are made.
1. Du’aa at the time of opening the fast.
ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ وَابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوْقُ وَثَبَتَ اْلأَجْرُ إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ.
‘The thirst has gone and the veins are moistened, and reward is confirmed, if Allaah wills.’
'O Allaah, guide me along with those whom You have guided, pardon me along with those whom You have pardoned, be an ally to me along with those whom You are an ally to and bless for me that which You have bestowed. Protect me from the evil You have decreed for verily You decree and none can decree over You. For surety, he whom you show allegiance to is never abased and he whom You take as an enemy is never honoured and mighty. O our Lord, Blessed and Exalted are You.’
These are tremendous words that manifest Tawheed
We must stick Sunnah when we say these supplications.
Ibn Uthaymeen explains that
to increase on this supplication in Qunoot is not prohibited but one begins with what is established.
Ibn Taymiyyah also explains that du’aa have to be restricted to Qur’ān and Sunnah and the best are those that have been established in Qur’ān and Sunnah. It not for anyone to institute people to innovate du’aa for people to repeat in unison.
One should make as much du’aa as possible in Ramadhaan as there is an emphasis on making du’aa.
The du’aa of the fasting person is answered as mentioned in a narration that the Du’aa/ supplication of the
3. The oppressed one.
are answered by Allaah.
First objective is to make du’aa by sticking to prophetic du’aa and no du’aa will go unrewarded.
Never say my du’aa has not been answered. There could be so many evils repelled unknown to him.
For there are three possibilities from a du’aa that is made. A person may:
1. Get what he/she asked for.
2. Evil repelled from him/her.
3. The du’aa is saved for Yaumal Qiyāmah.
2. The second objective or goal to attain is to actualise the awareness of Allaah.
To be mindful of Allaah’s knowledge of you. In Arabic the word muraqqabba is used. There is no clear one definition but it can be explained as being aware and mindful of Allaah.
Ibn al Qayyim explains that the muraqqabba of Allaah is to worship him through His Names.
1. Ar Raqeeb - The One Who is Watchful –Ever Watchful.
2. Al Haafidh - The One Who is Guarding and Preserving.
3. Al Alim - The One Who is All Knowing.
4. As Samee – The One Who Hears Everything.
5. Al Baseer- The One Who Sees Everything.
These are five Names of Allaah. Whoever worships Allaah through these five Names brings about the muraqqabba of Allaah through which a person seeks his fasting to bring him closer to Allaah.
This encompasses the worship of Allaah by Knowing His Names.
Just as the Tawheed of Ibadaah can be actualised by Knowing that Allaah is
Ar Razzaaq the One who sustains all that exists.
That Allaah is Dhul Qoowatul Mateen – The Possessor of Intense Power and Ability.
In this way a person will develop tawakkal (trust) upon Allaah.
So certain Names are tied to certain types of worship. A person takes the ways and means that draw out the traits in a believer and in his heart.
This brings about the worship of the heart.
The Love -Hope -Trust -Fear of Allaah.
The one who understands and worships Allaah upon this will attain muraqqabba.
Indeed Fasting is a secret between you and your lord.
You are trying to attain muraqqabba.
The connection between Tawheed in this tremendous act of worship.
Fasting has an amazing effect on the outward and inward faculty of the body and heart. It returns the heart and body back to health from the desires that it was engulfed in and keeps it sound and healthy. In rectifying all of person because a person becomes conscious of his whole self. His hearing, sight etc.
He refrains from food, drink, sexual relations but he also restrains his conceptual faculties. His ears from listening to evil, his tongue from lying and backbiting. All his faculties are fasting in obedience to Allaah alone.
He should also feel serenity in his body and heart. A tranquillity whilst fasting.
All this will lead to you to feel muraqqabba-an awareness of Allaah.
So a person should feel different while he is fasting.
The day you are fasting and not fasting are not equal or the same. They must be different.
Abu Hurayrah radiyallaahu anhu said the fast can be damaged. Backbiting damages the fast. He explained that seeking forgiveness mends the fast. You may have harmed your fast but you can repair and amend the fast with seeking forgiveness and making tawbah.
Ibn Rajab comments, our fasting is in need of seeking forgiveness. Righteous actions that will repair our fast. This is when one is Fasting in true sense. A person will preserve his head. One should remember death.
You do not know if you will reach another Ramadhaan.
So fasting is from the greatest ways to develop muraqqabba.
3. The next objective is recitation of the Qur’ān.
The Qur’ān was revealed in Ramadhaan. The entire Qur’ān is Tawheed.
Ibn al-Qayyim explained that every verse of the Qur’ān is from one of the five types of knowledge.
1. Qur’ān provides the Names and Attributes of Allaah.
2. Invites to the worship of Allaah alone or abandonment of worshiping other than Allaah.
3. Commands and prohibitions. These are the rights that follow on from Tawheed.
4. Information how Allaah honoured people of Tawheed. The reward for Tawheed and its people.
5. Information about people of shirk and how they were retributed and punished.
Every ayah covers one of these aspects.
The whole Qur’ān is Tawheed and was revealed in the month of Ramadhaan on the night of Laylatul Qadr.
Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn al-Qayyim explained that the words of the Qur’ān are learnt. Just as the meaning of the Qur’ān is learnt.
To teach the wording and the meaning of the Qur’ān.
The intent is to grasp the meaning of the Qur’ān. This is what will increase you in Eemaan.
To learn the Qur’ān and to teach it. To learn its meaning and to teach it. However, second is more noble. This is greatest goal and objective is to understand the meaning of the Qur’ān.
A person may read the whole Qur’ān in the month of Ramadhaan but it may not affect his Eemaan. Another person will read and reflect and act upon what is read with diligence this will affect his Eemaan.
This is not belittling the recitation of Qur’ān but the objective is to read with meaning and understanding. A believer tries to fill his heart with the meaning to increase his Eemaan.
So in Ramadhaan recitation of Qur’ān was revealed.
The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’ān, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong).
Surah Baqarah 2:185.
All revealed Books were revealed in Ramadhaan.
Shaykh Al-Albani (rahimah ullah) relates a Hasan narration that
The Suhoof/ Scriptures of Ibrahim were revealed on the 1st night.
The Torah of Musa when 6 nights had passed. Injeel (Gospel) after 13 nights of Ramadhaan.
Az Zaboor (Psalms) after 18 nights had passed.
Qur’ān revealed after 24 had passed.
All these Books/ Scriptures revealed in Ramadhaan.
All this indicates tremendous nature of Ramadhaan and fasting and the revelation of scriptures.
Ibn Abbas radiyallaahu anhu said, the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa salaam was the most generous of people. There was more goodness from him then a wind would bring.
So far we have covered.
1. Increase in du’aa and connecting to Allaah.
2. Recitation of Qur’ān.
4. This leads to point seven and the fourth objective of Taqwa.
As mentioned in the Qur’ān,
O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious - see V. 2:2).
Surah Baqarah 2:183.
Taqwa is to give obedience to Allaah. It has been defined as:
Acting in obedience to Allaah, hoping for his Mercy upon light from Him. Taqwa is leaving acts of disobedience, out of fear of Him, upon light from him.
Another explanation is proceed in the deen upon caution and care.
These are all ways in which Taqwa has been explained.
Fasting is a means to reach Taqwa. You are conquering your soul.
Ibn katheer (rahimah ullah) commented that it is purification of the body and fasting limits the way Shaytaan can approach a person.
For example youth are encouraged to fast.
Narrated `Abdullah (radiyallaahu anhu):
We were with the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam while we were young and had no wealth whatever. So Allah's Messenger sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said, "O young people! Whoever among you can marry, should marry, because it helps him lower his gaze and guard his modesty (i.e. his private parts from committing illegal sexual intercourse etc.), and whoever is not able to marry, should fast, as fasting diminishes his sexual power."
Sahih Bukhari Book of Fasting
Fasting has affect for Shaytaan to not pass through his blood.
Our days upon earth are numbered. We have to reap rewards of these seasons of goodness; the season of Ramadhaan, the season of Hajj to benefit and to become pious. This might be the last Ramadhaan to fast.
5. This leads to the final and fifth objective. The purification of soul.
Fasting cleanses the body. Food and drink makes you sluggish. Shaytaan is unable to flow through a body that is fasting.
How achieve purification of soul?
قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن تَزَكَّىٰ
Indeed whosoever purifies himself (by avoiding polytheism and accepting Islamic Monotheism) shall achieve success.
Surah Al-A’lā 87:14
The month of Ramadhaan is from the greatest of affairs in which the soul can be purified for in a Hadeeth it is narrated that Shaytaan flows in the blood.
Whilst in Ramadhaan the devils are chained.
Narrated Abu Hurayrah radiyallaahu anhu,
Allaah’s Messenger sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said, "When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.
Sahih Bukhari Book of Fasting.
So when the body is deprived of food and drink the circumstances that Shaytaan can flow in body is diminished and the stubborn shayateen are chained. It is the easiest of circumstances to make purification of soul. To trim, and remove diseases of soul.
A person should concentrate on purification of the soul.
The Prophet sallaaahu alayhi wa sallam would also supplicate for purification of the soul.
The Zaid bin Arqam (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah sallaahu alayhi wa sallam would supplicate:
وعن زيد بن أرقم رضي الله عنه قال: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، يقول: "اللهم إني أعوذ بك من العجز والكسل، والبخل والهرم، وعذاب القبر، اللهم آت نفسي تقواها، وزكها أنت خير من زكاها، أنت وليها ومولاها، اللهم إني أعوذ بك من علم لا ينفع ومن قلب لا يخشع، ومن نفس لا تشبع، ومن دعوة لا يستجاب لها". ((رواه مسلم)).
"Allahumma inni a'udhu bika minal-'ajzi wal-kasali, wal-bukhli wal-harami, wa 'adhabil-qabri. Allahumma ati nafsi taqwaha, wa zakkiha Anta khairu man zakkaha, Anta waliyyuha wa maulaha. Allahumma inni a'udhu bika min 'ilmin la yanfau', wa min qalbin la yakhsha'u, wa min nafsin la tashba'u, wa min da'watin la yustajabu laha'
O Allah! I seek refuge in You from the inability (to do good), indolence, cowardice, miserliness, decrepitude and torment of the grave. O Allah! Grant me the sense of piety and purify my soul as You are the Best to purify it. You are its Guardian and its Protecting Friend. O Allah! I seek refuge in You from the knowledge which is not beneficial, and from a heart which does not fear (You), and from desire which is not satisfied, and from prayer which is not answered.
Muslim: Book of Supplications.
So he asked for refuge from a soul that is not content and du’aa that is not responded too.
So in this month of Ramadhaan it is too easy to purify the soul. It is the greatest time to achieve this. To purify the poisons of the heart.
Also he asked for protection from four things: knowledge that does not benefit, a heart that is not humbled, from a soul that is not satisfied and from a supplication that is not answered.
So this talk covered we covered:
1. Importance of Du’aa (supplication).
2. Awareness of Allaah (to attain muraqqabba).
3. Recitation of the Qur’ān.
4. Increase in Taqwa
5. Purification of the Soul.
Put these five things in front of your eyes so that you benefit from Ramadhaan.
This is what you should be seeking and pursuing from your fasting and Ramadhaan.
Ramadhaan is an emphasis on Tawheed.
This is a tremendous understanding and pursuit in month of Ramadhaan.
‘Umm AbdurRahmaan Saliha bint Ahmed Motala
Qur’anic verses from
The Noble Qur’ān Dr Hilali and Dr Khan.
Notes taken with the prior permission of Abu Iyaad.
Last edit: 2 days 17 hours ago by UmmAbdurRahmaan40.