Popular @troid.org

Topic-icon Daleel isharee?

  • Karima238
  • Karima238's Avatar Topic Author
  • Offline
  • Asghar Boarder
  • Asghar Boarder
More
9 years 2 months ago #1631 by Karima238
Daleel isharee? was created by Karima238
Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh Brother Mūsá,

In one of the previous classes you mentioned a way of reference called "daleel isharee", however you didn't give much of an explanation about it. Can you please expand on it and give an explanation of what it is.

JazakaAllahu Khair.

Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

More
9 years 2 months ago - 9 years 2 months ago #1639 by moosaa.richardson
Replied by moosaa.richardson on topic Re:Daleel isharee?
wa 'alaykumus-salāmu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh

ad-daleel al-ishaaree

or ad-dilaalah al-ishaariyyah

or dilaalat al-ishaarah

or at-tafsīr al-ishaaree

To infer something from an evidence, based on its context and some of its wording, with heavy consideration given to its relationship to other evidences. It is not an obvious conclusion at all.

An example would be when Ibn 'Abbās understood an ishaarah (an inference) from Soorat an-Nasr that the Prophet's (ṣallallāhu alayhe wa sallam) mission was coming to a close and that he would die soon.

You can find a series of lectures online by Shaykh Ṣāliḥ Aal ash-Shaykh explaining the Principles of Tafsīr and he gives some insight into the issue (Class #10), mentioning that there is permissible and impermissible uses of daleel ishaaree, he also mentions conditions for its validity:

That the conclusion not contradict the basic language of the verse,

That the conclusion be supported by an external authentic evidence,

That the conclusion not contradict an established evidence or principle.

These are basically the conditions of at-tafsīr bir-ra'ee, tafsīr based on contemplation. And daleel ishaaree is a kind of tafsīr by contemplation. Some scholars add: that it not aid an innovation... but that's actually included in the conditions mentioned. Also, you might have noticed that being supported by evidence necessitates not contradicting evidence, so there is some redundancy in the conditions quoted.

Could the questioner possibly mention the issue that came up in class when I mentioned the daleel ishaaree, as I remember mentioning it, but I forget what it was in relationship to. May Allaah bless you.
Last edit: 9 years 2 months ago by moosaa.richardson.

Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

  • Karima238
  • Karima238's Avatar Topic Author
  • Offline
  • Asghar Boarder
  • Asghar Boarder
More
9 years 2 months ago #1640 by Karima238
Replied by Karima238 on topic Re:Daleel isharee?
Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

You mentioned it while explaining the verse: "And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the males among the jinn, but they (jinn) increased them (mankind) in sin and transgression."

You were explaining that if the jinn said these people sought refuge with the jinn and it only increased them in fear and weakness, then that means that had they sought refuge with Allaah it would have increased them in strength and safety(and you mentioned that this way of referencing is called ad-daleel al-isharee).

JazakaAllahu Khair

Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

More
9 years 2 months ago - 9 years 2 months ago #1641 by moosaa.richardson
Replied by moosaa.richardson on topic Re:Daleel isharee?
wa alaykumus-salāmu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh.

The example from the class seems closer to a more direct "opposite conclusion", and Allaah knows best.

Another example: In Sūrah al-Ahzaab (v.25), Allaah mentions that He has made it that the believers shall not have to engage in battle.

Ibn Kathīr mentions that an ishaarah is made in this verse, a reference can be deduced, about the idea that the disbelievers of Quraysh will no longer be attacking and invading the believers' in their lands, rather the believers will be offensively engaging them in their lands. A ḥadīth supports this, and this is what actually happened after the Battle of Khandaq.

And in verse #12 of Sūrah Yaa-Seen, when Allaah mentions that He brings the dead back to life, Ibn Kathīr mentions there is an ishaarah here to the concept of Allaah being the one who brings back dead hearts to life, from the death of misguidance to the life of following the truth.

And Allaah knows best.
Last edit: 9 years 2 months ago by moosaa.richardson.

Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

Moderators: moosaa.richardson
Time to create page: 0.350 seconds

@Thamur27 Wa alaykas salām. The course will take place in-person at Māsjid Al-Furqān, in shā Allāh.

troid.org troid.org