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The Checking of Aḥādīth in the Book 'Signs Before the Day of Judgement'


A list of weak narrations listed from an English translation of a section of al-Bidāyah wa-al-Nihāyah by al-Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Kathīr.



Key to Abbreviations:

SJ Ṣaḥiḥ al-Jami al-Saghir
DJ Da`if al-Jami al-Saghir
SS Silsilah al AḤadīth as-Ṣaḥiḥah
SD Silsilah al AḤadīth al-Daʿifah
MT al-Mishkat, 1st checking
SHD Ṣaḥiḥ Abī Dāwūd
ST Ṣaḥiḥ at-Tirmidhī
SM Ṣaḥiḥ ibn Majah
DM Da`if ibn Majah
The references listed above are by Shaykh Muḥammad Nasiruddin
MA Musnad Imam Aḥmad, checking by Aḥmad Shakir
KS Kashful Astar bi zawa'id al-Bazzār of al-Haithumi
MZ Majma' az-Zawaid of al-Haithumi
MK Mustadrak of al-Hakim
The entry numbers refer to the footnote reference number unless stated otherwise.
3rd line, pg. 6
Wrong spelling; al-Mazi should be al-Mizzi.
Chapter 1
7, pg. 10/11
"O people, this world is full of attractive temptations
Da`if, al-Musnad (3/61) [or 2/61 as stated in the book??]
and at-Tirmidhī and al-Hakim (4/505). Da`if due to ʿAlī
ibn Zayn ibn Jad'an. MT: 5145. Parts of the complete speech
are authentic, see Ibn Kathir's comments on pg. 11.
Chapter 3
1, pg. 14
"The Jews have split into seventy-one sects ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SM: 3225.
2, pg. 14.
"The Jews split into seventy-one sects ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SJ: 1082, the narration of `Awf ibn Malik is also
reported by Ibn Majah (no. 4992), Ibn Abī `Asim in as-
Sunnah (no. 63) and al-Lalikai in Sharḥus Sunnah (no.
3, pg. 14
"Among the signs of the Hour will be the disappearance of
knowledge and the appearance of ignorance. Adultery will be
prevalent and the drinking of wine will be common ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, al-Bukharī and Muslim.
1st paragraph, pg. 15
"Islām will be worn out like clothes ..." (Ibn Majah and
Ṣaḥiḥ, SS: 87.
Chapter 4
1, pg. 16
"O Muhajirūn, you may be afflicted by five things ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SS: 106-107.
2, pg. 16
"If my Ummah bears fifteen traits ..."
Da`if, DJ: 608.
3, pg. 17
"The Hour will come when leaders are oppressors, when
people believe in the stars and reject al-Qadar ..."
Al-Haithumi says, "al-Bazzār reports it and it contains
narrators I do not know."
[Compiler's note]: we don't know what the status of the
Ḥadīth is - no muhaddith (as far as we know) has given a
definite verdict.
4, pg. 17
"Some people of this Ummah will be swallowed up by the
earth ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SS: 1604.
Chapter 6
1, pg. 20
"Even if there were only one day left ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, Aḥmad and Abū Dāwūd, SJ: 5305.
2, pg. 20
"The Mahdi is one of us ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ SJ: 6735. It has been mistranslated slightly, it
should be "In one night, Allāh will prepare him," the
mention of inspiration and the carrying out of the task is
3, pg. 20
"This son of mine ..."
Da`if Munqati' (chain of narration is broken), MT: 5462.
1st paragraph, pg. 21
"This religion will remain steadfast ..."
"... returned to his house" is a ḍaʿīf addition. The rest
of the Ḥadīth is sahih.
4, pg. 21
"If there were only one day ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SHD: 3601.
3rd paragraph, pg. 21
"A man from my household ..."
Ḥasan, SJ: 8160.
5, pg. 21
"If there were only one day ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, ST: 1819.
6, pg. 21
"The Mahdi will be ..."
Ḥasan, SHD: 3604. Translation states, "... a hooked nose."
Correct translation is "... an aquiline nose."
7, pg. 21
"The Mahdi will be one of my descendants ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SHD: 3603.
8, pg. 22
"People will begin to differ ..."
Da`if, MT: 5456.
2nd paragraph, pg. 22
"A man named al-Harith ibn Hirath will come from
Transoxania ..."
Da`if, DJ: 6418.
9, pg. 22
"A people will come out of the East ..."
Da`if, SD: 4826.
10, pg. 22/23
"We are the people of a Household ..."
Da`if, DM: 886.
11, pg. 23
Footnote refers to Ḥadīth no. 3, pg. 20.
12, pg. 23
"Three men will be killed ..."
Da`if Munkar (the isnad is weak and moreover the meaning is
wrong). In this case, the mention of "Khalifah of Allāh" is
munkar because Allāh cannot have a successor or vicegerent
in His absence, SD: 85.
13, pg. 24
"By Allāh, every ruler we have had ..."
Da`if. Its isnad contains Mujahid ibn Sa`id.
Chapter 7
16, pg. 28/29
"When what happened to the Israelites happens among you
Da`if due to the `an`anah (usage of the word `an (from)) of
Makhool, DM: 870.
17, pg. 29
"Woe to the Arabs from the great evil ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ. Weak isnad but supported by other narrations similar
in meaning. MA: 2/390.
18. pg. 29
"O Thawban, what will you do when ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SS: 958. Wording should be "dislike of death".
19, pg. 29/30
"There will be a tribulation ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ. MA: [??] Aḥmad's narration contains an unnamed
narrator who is named in the narration of Abdur Razaq, no.
20727 and al-Hakim, 4/320, and he is reliable.
20, pg. 30
"There will be a tribulation ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SHD: 3580.
21, pg. 30
"I bear witness that the Prophet (S) ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, al-Irwa, no. 2451 of Shaykh al-Albānī.
It is sahih but has not been reported by Muslim, as main
text states.
22, pg. 30
"Before the Hour comes ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, Abū Dāwūd and Ibn Majah, SS: 1535.
23, pg. 31
"The Prophet (S) was riding a donkey ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, al-Irwa, no: 2451.
24, pg. 31/32
"We were on a journey with the Prophet (S) ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SS: 241.
25, pg. 32
"If you see my Ummah fearing a tyrant ..."
Da`if, SD: 1264. Its isnad contains the `an`anah of Abū
Zubair, but its last part ("Among my ummah ...") is
supported. See SS: 1787.
Chapter 8
1, pg. 34
"Six things will happen to this Ummah ..."
Da`if, MA: 6623. Weak Ḥadīth due to Abra Iamah al-Kalbi.
3, pg. 34
"It will not come until you see ten signs ..."
Wrong spelling, Ibn `ʿUbayd should be Ibn Usayd.
Reported by Muslim, not by Aḥmad as main text states.
Chapter 9
1, pg. 36
"You will make a peace treaty ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SJ: 3612.
4, pg. 38
"The Hour will not come until the ..."
Fabricated. The reason is Kathir ibn `ʿAbdillāh, who is
declared a liar by Abū Dāwūd and Shāfiʿī. He narrates a
fabricated collection of Ḥadīth.
7, pg. 38/39
"You will fight the Romans ..."
Fabricated. Same reasons as the previous one. Reported by al-
Bazzār, KS: 3386.
2nd paragraph, pg. 39
"The building of Bayt al-Maqdis ..."
Ḥasan, MT: 5424.
8, pg. 39
".. Dajjal will not be able to enter Madinah ..."
Chapter 10
2, pg. 41
"Just before the Hour ..."
Aḥmad's isnad contains Ibn Lahi'ah who reports by way of
`an, as does Abū Zubair. Al-Bazzār's isnad contains `Abdur-
Raḥmān ibn Maghra and Mujahid ibn Sa`id. MZ: 7/335.
[Compiler's note]: we don't know what the status of the
Ḥadīth is - no muhaddith (as far as we know) has given a
definite verdict.
4, pg. 41
"The Hour will not come until thirty 'dajjals' appear ..."
5, pg. 41
"The Hour will not come ..."
Ḥasan, SHD: 3643.
6, pg. 41
"Just before the Hour ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SS: 1683.
7, pg. 41/42
"There will be 'dajjals' ..."
Da`if isnad, but Muslim reports similar wording.
8, pg. 42
"There will be thirty liars ..."
wrong reference, op. cit. 5/46, should be op. cit. 5/278.
9, pg. 42
"Verily before the Day of Resurrection ..."
Ḥasan, SS: 1683, MA: 5694.
4th paragraph, pg. 42
"Among my Ummah there will be more than seventy callers
Da`if. Reported by Abū Ya'la. Its isnad contains Laith ibn
Abī Sulaim.
10, pg. 42
"... as for this man about whom you have spoken so much-he
is one of the thirty liars who will appear before the Hour,
and there is no town that will not feel the fear of the
Ṣaḥiḥ, MZ: 7/335.
11, pg. 42
"He is one of the thirty liars who will appear before the
Dajjal. There is no town which will escape the fear of the
Dajjal, apart from Madinah ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, MA: 5/41. It is part of no. 10 above, which is not
given in full in the book.
12, pg. 42
"The time of the Dajjal will be years of confusion ... the
Rubiwaybidah will have a say ... those who rebel against
Allāh and will have a say in general affairs."
Ṣaḥiḥ. Its isnad is ḥasan and is further supported, SS:
1887, KS: 3373.
Chapter 12
3, pg. 51/52
"The Dajjal will appear at the end of time, when religion
is taken lightly ..."
Da`if. SD: 1969. It contains the `an`anah of Abū Zubair.
Parts are found in authentic narrations. Refer to Dajjal
section in Ṣaḥiḥ Muslim.
Chapter 14
1, pg. 58/59
"... for three years before the Dajjal emerges, the people
will suffer severe hunger ..."
Da`if. DM: 884. Parts are supported.
Chapter 16
1, pg. 66
"The Dajjal will emerge in a land in the east called
Khurasan ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SM: 4072.
2, pg. 66/67
"During the three years just before the Dajjal comes, there
will be one year when the sky will withhold one-third of
its rain and the earth one-third of its fruits ..."
Da`if, MT: 5491. Its isnad contains Sharḥ ibn Hawshab, who
is weak.
Chapter 18
2nd paragraph, pg. 70
"... the Dajjal's kunyah (nickname) would be Abū Yusuf."
Reported as the saying of ash-Sha'bi. The reporter, Mujahid
ibn Sa'id is weak.
3rd paragraph, pg. 70
"The Dajjal's parents will remain childless for thirty
years ... woman."
Da`if, MT: 6445.
1, pg. 70
"We heard that a child had been born to some of the Jews in
Madinah ..."
Da`if due to Ali ibn Zayn ibn Jad'an.
2, pg. 72
"The son of Mary will kill the Dajjal at the gate of Ludd."
Ṣaḥiḥ, ST: 1829.
Chapter 19
2, pg. 74
"The son of Mary will come down as a just leader ..."
The Tabi'e is Ziyad ibn Saʿd, who is mentioned by Ibn
Hibban in ath-Thiqat al-Bukharī and Abū Hatim did not speak
for nor against him. Ibn Kathir says the report is good and
4, pg. 74/75
"The Prophets are like brothers: they have different
mothers but their religion is one ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ as declared by al-Hakim and adh-Dhahabi. Qatadah's
hearing it is reported in a later narration in al-Musnad
5, pg. 75
"On the night of the Isra' ..."
Da`if, DJ: 4709. See Ṣaḥiḥ Muslim translation, no. 6924.
Chapter 21
1, pg. 77
"Every day, Gog and Magog are trying to dig a way out
through the barrier ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SS: 1735.
Chapter 22
2, pg. 79
"Dhu'l-Suwayqatayn from Abyssinia will destroy the Ka`bah
and steal its treasure and Kiswah ..."
Da`if isnad. It contains the `an`anah of Abū Zubair. The
first part, up to 'treasure' is ḥasan, SS: 771.
3, pg. 79
"Leave the Abyssinians alone so long as they do not disturb
you ..."
Ḥasan, SHD:
4, pg. 79/80
"It is as if I can see him now: he is black and his legs
are widely spaced ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, also reported in al-Bukharī.
3rd paragraph, pg. 80
"Day and night will not come to an end until a freeman
called Jahjah holds sway."
Ṣaḥiḥ, Aḥmad, Muslim and at-Tirmidhī. SS: 7684.
5, pg. 80
"The people of Makkah will leave, and only a few people
will pass through it ..."
Da`if, DJ: 3298. Da`if due to Ibn Lahi'ah and `an`anah of
Abū Zubair.
Chapter 23
1, pg. 81
"A rider will go around Madinah and say ..."
Da`if isnad due to Ibn Lahi'ah and `an`anah of Abū Zubair.
The fact that Madinah will be deserted is reported from Abū
Hurayrah by al-Bukharī.
Chapter 24
3rd paragraph, pg. 82
Wrong spelling: Qutadah should be Qatadah.
1, pg. 83
The Prophet (S) took me to a place ... "The Beast will
emerge from this place."
Da`if Jiddan (very weak). Ibn Majah, no. 4067, DM: 882.
2, pg. 83
"(The Beast) will destroy the noses of the unbelievers with
the ring ..."
Da`if, DJ: 2413.
Chapter 25
1, pg. 85
'The day that certain of the Signs of thy Lord do come, no
good will it do to a soul to believe in them then,'
referring to the rising of the sun from the West.
Ṣaḥiḥ, ST: 2455.
6, pg. 86
"The first of the signs will be the rising of the sun from
the West, and the emergence of the Beast in the forenoon
Ṣaḥiḥ, MA: 6881.
Last paragraph, pg. 86
"Some scholars interpret ... the people of the West will
carry the flag of Islām," is the translator's addition, not
the words of Ibn Kathir.
Chapter 27
1, pg. 90
"Thunderbolts will increase so much as the Hour approaches
that ..."
Da`if isnad due to Muḥammad ibn Mus'ab.
2, pg. 90
"The Hour will not come until there has been rain which
will destroy all dwellings except tents."
Ṣaḥiḥ, MA: 7554 and MZ: 7/331.
6, pg. 92
"The Hour will not come until the time when a man will
leave his home, and his shoes or whip or stick will tell
what is happening to his family."
Ṣaḥiḥ [?? no ref?]
7, pg. 92
"By Him in Whose Hand is my soul, the Hour will not come
until wild animals talk to men ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SS: 122.
8, pg. 92
"We were discussing the fact that the Hour would not come
until there is no rain, the earth does not produce crops
Ṣaḥiḥ, reported by Aḥmad, Abū Ya'la and al-Bazzār. MZ:
7/333 and KS: 3415.
9, pg. 92
"The Hour will not come until time passes so quickly that a
year will be like a month, a month like a week, a week like
a day, a day like an hour, and an hour like the time it
takes for a palm-leaf to burn."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SJ: 7422.
10, pg. 93
"The world will not pass away until the one who enjoys it
the most is the depraved son of the depraved."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SJ: 7272.
11, pg. 93
"Before the Hour comes, there will be years of deceit, in
which a truthful person will be disbelieved and a liar will
be believed; and the insignificant will have say."
Ḥasan, SS: 1887.
12, pg. 93
"The Hour will not come until the sheep with horns no
longer fights the sheep with no horns."
Da`if?? [not quite sure] due to as-Salt ibn Quwaid; an-
Nasai said, "His Ḥadīth is munkar."
13, pg. 93
"The Hour will not come until wealth increases so much that
a wealthy man will be worried lest no-one accepts his
sadaqah ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, MA: 8120, 8121.
14, pg. 93
"By Him Who sent me with the Truth, this earth will not
pass away until people are afflicted with landslides, are
pelted with stones and are transformed into animals ..."
Da`if, related by Al-Bazzār and at-Tabarani in al-Awsaṭ. It
is weak due to Sulaiman ibn Dāwūd al-Yamami who is matruk
(abandoned). MZ:
15, pg. 93/94
"Before the Hour comes, there will be a special greeting
for the people of distinction; trade will become so
widespread that a woman will help her husband in business;
family ties will be cut; the giving of false witness will
be common, while truthful witness will be rare, and writing
will be widespread."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SS: 648.
Chapter 28
1, pg. 95
"The Hour will not come until Allāh takes away the best
people on earth ..."
Da`if isnad due to `an`anah of al-Ḥasan al-Bʿasri.
2, pg. 95
"Eloquence can be bewitching; the worst of the people are
those upon whom the Hour will come while they are still
alive, and those who turn graves into mosques."
Ṣaḥiḥ, MA: 4342.
3, pg. 95
"The Hour will not come until no-one on earth says, La
ilāha illa Allāh."
Ṣaḥiḥ, Tahdhirus Sajid of Shaykh al-Albānī, pg. 119.
4, pg. 95
"The Hour will not come until no-one on earth says, 'Allāh,
Ṣaḥiḥ, SJ: 7420.
5, pg. 95/96
"O A'ishah, your people will be the first of my Ummah to
join me ..."
Ṣaḥiḥ, SS: 1953.
6, pg. 96
"The Hour will only come upon the worst of the people."
Ṣaḥiḥ, MK: 4/496. Declared sahih by al-Hakim and agreed to
by adh-Dhahabi.

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