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The Etiquette of Walking to Prayer

  Shaykh al-Islām Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhāb

An excellent reminder concerning the way in which one must walk to the place of Prayer.

bismallah

  

  He should walk to it with calmness and dignity because of the statement of the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam): "If you hear the call for establishment of prayer, then walk to it with calmness.


One should commence leaving for it by being purified with humility [1] and submissiveness because of the statement of the Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) "If one of you makes ablution, then he should perfect his ablution. Then he should not interlace his fingers for verily he is in prayer."[2] When he leaves his house, even if it is for other than the prayer, he should say:

Bismillāh

[With the name of Allāh.]

Āmantu billāh

[I believe in Allāh.]

Tawakaltu ʿalá Allāh

[I place my trust upon Allāh.]

Wa lā hawla

[And there is no might.]

Wa lā qūwwata

[And no power]

Illā billāh

[Except with Allāh.] [3]

Allāhumma innee A'oodhu bika

[O Allāh verily I seek refuge with You]

An Adhillah aw udhAllāh

[lest I should be misguided or led astray]

Aw azzillah aw uzzAllāh

[or lapse or be mistaken]

Aw adhlimah aw udhlamah

[or oppress or be oppressed]

Aw ajhalah aw yujhala 'alayyah

[or be ignorant or be treated ignorantly.] [4]

He should walk to it with calmness and dignity because of the statement of the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam): "If you hear the call for the establishment of prayer, then walk to it with calmness. So whatever you catch of it, then pray it, and whatever you miss of it, then make it up." [5]

He should shorten the distance between his steps and he should say: 'O Allāh, I ask you by the right of those who ask, and by the right of this path, because I did not leave in wickedness, and neither in ungratefulness, and neither in arrogance, and not for the sake of gaining a reputation. I left in fear of your displeasure, and in desire of your pleasure. I ask you to rescue me from the Fire and to forgive me of all my sins. Verily no one can forgive except you.' [6] He should also say:

Allāh humma aj'al fī qalbee nooran.

[O Allāh place light in my heart.]

Wa fī lisaanee nooran.

[And light in my tongue.]

Wa aj'al fī sam'ee nooran.

[And place light in my ears.]

Wa aj'al fī basaree nooran.

[And place light in my eyes.]

Wa aj'al fī khalfī nooran.

[And place light behind me.]

Wa min amaamee nooran.

[And light in front of me.]

Wa aj'al min fawqee nooran.

[And place light above me.]

Wa min tahtee nooran.

And light behind me.]

Allāh humma a'atinee nooran.

[O Allāh, give me light.] [7]

So when he enters the mosque, it is recommended for him to begin with his right foot, and to say:

Bismillāh.

[With the Name of Allāh.]

Aʿūdhubillāhil Adhīm.

[I seek refuge with Allāh.]

Wa bi wajhihil karīm.

[And with His Noble Face.]

Wa sultaanihil qadeem.

[And His eternal Authority.]

minash shayṭānir rajīm.

[From Shayṭān, the accursed.][8]

Bismillāh.

[With the Name of Allāh.]

Wa ṣalātu wa-al-salāmu ʿalá rasūlihi.

[And may His Prayers [9] and Peace be upon His Messenger.][10]

Allāh humma aftihlee abwāba raḥmatika.

[O Allāh, open the doors of your Mercy for me.][11]

When he leaves, he should begin with his left foot and say:

Allāh humma aftihlee abwaaba fadhluka

[O Allāh open the doors of Your Virtue for me.][12]

When he enters the mosque, then do not let him sit until he has prayed two units of prayer, because of the statement of the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam), "If one of you enters the mosque, then do not let him sit until he has prayed two units of prayer." [13]

He should then become involved in the remembrance of Allāh or be quiet, and not rush to speak about worldly matters. So whoever stays like that, then he is in prayer and the angels ask forgiveness for him - as long as he does not become troublesome or talk.


Endnotes:

[1] This is a translation of (p. 5-9) of the book Aadaab Mashee illas al-Ṣalāh by Imām Muḥammad Ibn ʿAbd al Wahhāb.

[2] Translators Note: What is expressed here is the comibned meaning of various authentic ḥadīths. From them are the following:

Translators Note: What is expressed here is the comibned meaning of various authentic ḥadīths. From them are the following:

A. The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said:

"If one of you makes ablution for prayer, then do not let him interlace between his fingers."

[Reported by Abū Hurayrah. Related by Ṭabarānī in al-Awsaṭ, and al-Saghīr. It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albānī in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Targheeb (no. 293), and Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ' (no. 446).]

B. The Prophet(ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said:

"If one of you makes ablution, then he should perfect his ablution. Then he should leave intentionally for the mosque, and he should not interlace his hands for verily he is in prayer."

[Reported by Ka'ab Ibn 'Ujrah. Related by Aḥmad, Abū Dāwūd, and Tirmidthī. It was authenticated by Shaykh al- Albānī, see: al-Mishkaatul Masaabeeh (no. 994), Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan Abī Dāwūd (no. 571), Irwā'ul Ghaleel (no. 379), and Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ' (no. 4422).]

C. The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said:

"If one of you were to perform ablution in his house, then proceed to the mosque, he would be in prayer until he returned. So do not let him speak in such a manner, nor interlace his fingers."

[Reported by Abū Hurayrah. Related by al-Ḥākim who also authenticated it. See: al-Mishkātul Masaabeeh (no. 994), Ṣaḥīḥut Targheeb (no. 292), Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah (no. 1294), and Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ' (no. 445).]

The basic ḥadīth along with its various additions can be seen in Aḥmad, Abū Dāwūd, and Ibn Mājah, see: Silsilah al Aḥādīthis Ṣaḥīḥah (no. 1294). And Allāh knows best.

[3] Translator's Note: Abū Dāwūd (4/325), Tirmidthī (5/490). See Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan al-Tirmidthī (3/151). This is an authentically reported .

[4] Translator's Note: Reported by Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidthī, Ibn Mājah, and Nisāee. See: Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan al- Tirmidthī (3/151), and Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan Ibn Mājah (2/336). [5]

Translator's Note: Reported by Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidthī, Ibn Mājah, and Nisāee. See: Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan al- Tirmidthī (3/151), and Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan Ibn Mājah (2/336). [5] This is an agreed upon ḥadīth.

[6] His statement, "I ask you by the right of those who ask..." - indeed it was mentioned in a ḥadīth, but Taqiyyud Dīn Ibn Taymīyyah was not fully convinced of it's authenticity. Besides that, he also mentioned that in its chain of narrators is 'Atiyyah al-'Awfī, and he is a Shee'ee mudallis, so its mentioning cannot be relied upon. In the case that it may be authentic, then the scholars have explained that the right of those who ask is the answer, and the right of the path is reward, and similar to that. So the answer is for the supplication, and the reward is for righteous actions, and it is with Allāh the Exalted. So as for the question of asking Allāh from one of his creation, then this is prohibited, and impermissible. [7]

His statement, "I ask you by the right of those who ask..." - indeed it was mentioned in a ḥadīth, but Taqiyyud Dīn Ibn Taymīyyah was not fully convinced of its authenticity. Besides that, he also mentioned that in it's chain of narrators is 'Atiyyah al-'Awfī, and he is a Shee'ee mudallis, so its mentioning cannot be relied upon. In the case that it may be authentic, then the scholars have explained that the right of those who ask is the answer, and the right of the path is reward, and similar to that. So the answer is for the supplication, and the reward is for righteous actions, and it is with Allāh the Exalted. So as for the question of asking Allāh from one of his creation, then this is prohibited, and impermissible. [7] Translators Note: Reported in Fat‘h al Bārī (11/116), and Muslim (1/530).

[8] Translator's Note: Reported in Abū Dāwūd, see Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ' (no. 459). [9]

Translator's Note: Reported in Abū Dāwūd, see Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ' (no. 459). [9] Translators Note: Reported by Ibn al-Sunnī (no. 88). Shaykh al-Albānī has declared it good.

[10] Translators Note: Reported in Abū Dāwūd 1/126. See Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ' (1/528). [11]

Translator's Note: Reported in Abū Dāwūd 1/126. See Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ' (1/528). [11] Translators Note: Muslim (1/494). [12] Translators Note: Reported in Ibn Mājah, see Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan Ibn Mājah (1/129).

[13] Translator's Note: Reported by Qatādah, and Abī Hurayrah. Related by Aḥmad, Bukhārī, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidthī, Ibn Mājah, and Nisāee. See, ar-Rawdhah (no. 1008), Irwá'ul Ghaleel (no. 467), Rīyaḍhus al-Ṣāliḥīn (no. 1151), and Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ' (no. 513).

Translator's Note: Reported by Qatādah, and Abī Hurayrah. Related by Aḥmad, Bukhārī, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidthī, Ibn Mājah, and Nisāʿī. See, al-Rawdhah (no. 1008), Irwá'ul Ghaleel (no. 467), Rīyaḍh al-Ṣāliḥīn (no. 1151), and Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ' (no. 513).

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