Giving Charity (in Silver) Equal to the Weight of a Newborn's Hair

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  Shaykh Muḥammad ibnʿUmar Bāzmūl

It has been reported that Fāṭimah – may Allāh be pleased with her – used to give charity (in silver) equal to the weight of her newborn’s hair after shaving it on the seventh day. Is that a Sunnah she got from the Prophet – may Allāh raise his rank and grant him peace – or was it her own preferred way of giving (optional) charity?

bismallah

  

  What seems correct is that it was a Sunnah she learned from the Messenger – may Allāh raise his rank and grant him peace – to give the weight of the newborn’s (shaven) hair in silver.
Shaykh Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar Bāzmūl

 


[Q]: I asked: Our shaykh!  It has been reported that Fāṭimah – may Allāh be pleased with her – used to give charity (in silver) equal to the weight of her newborn’s hair after shaving it on the seventh day.  Is that a Sunnah she got from the Prophet – may Allāh raise his rank and grant him peace – or was it her own preferred way of giving (optional) charity?

May Allāh reward you and bless your time and deeds.

[A]: He answered:

Wa ʿʿalaykum al-salāmu wa raḥmatullāhi wa barakātuh.   

Yes, what seems correct is that it was a Sunnah she learned from the Messenger – may Allāh raise his rank and grant him peace – to give the weight of the newborn’s (shaven) hair in silver. al-Albānī alluded to this in al-Irwá when he traced the sources of the narrations about the ‘ʿaqīqah, saying that it reaches the level of being ḥasan by supporting routes.  Furthermore, the narrations give this impression:

Mālik narrated in his Muwaṭṭa’, from Ja’far ibn Muḥammad, who narrated that his father said that Fāṭimah weighed the hair of Ḥasan, Husayn, Zaynab, and Umm Kulthoom, and then give its weight in silver in charity.

Also in the Muwaṭṭa’ is the report of Rabīʿah ibn Abī ‘Abdir-Raḥmān, who narrated from Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī ibn Husayn, that Fāṭimah weighed the hair of Ḥasan and Husayn, and then gave the weight (of the hair) in silver in charity.

And Yahyá ibn Bukayr said: Ibn Lahee’ah narrated to me that ‘Umaarah ibn Aziyyah narrated from Rabīʿah ibn Abī ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, from Anas ibn Mālik, that the Messenger of Allāh ordered the heads of Ḥasan and Husayn on their seventh days to be shaved and the weight of it (the hair) in silver be given in charity. 

And ʿAbd al-Razzaaq said: Ibn Jurayj reported that he heard Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī saying: Fāṭimah, the daughter of the Messenger of Allāh did not have a newborn except that she ordered the head to be shaved and the weight of it in silver to be given in charity.


I ask Allāh to give you success, blessings, and stability.


قلت: شيخنا روي عن فاطمة رضي الله عنها أنها كانت تتصدق بوزن شعر المولود بعد الحلق اليوم السابع، فهل ذلك سنة أخذتها عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أو اختيارها الشخصي في كيفية التصدق؟

شكر الله لك وبارك في أوقاتك وأعمالك 

فأجاب الشيخ محمد عمر بازمول:

وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته


نعم الذي يظهر أنها سنة تعلمتها من الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم.. أن تتصدق بزنة شعره فضة... والألباني أشار في الأرواء عند تخريجه لأحاديث العقيقة أن هذا الأمر يتقوى بالطرق الواردة فيه إلى درجة الحسن لغيره.. والروايات تشعر بذلك :

وقد روى مالك في موطئه عن جعفر بن محمد عن  أبيه قال وزنت فاطمة شعر حسن وحسين وزينب وأم كلثوم فتصدقت بزنة ذلك فضة 
 وفي الموطأ أيضا عن ربيعة بن أبي عبد الرحمن عن محمد بن علي بن حسين أنه قال وزنت فاطمة بنت رسول الله شعر حسن وحسين فتصدقت بزنته فضة وقال يحيى بن بكير حدثنا ابن لهيعة عن عمارة ابن عزية عن ربيعة بن أبي عبد الرحمن عن أنس بن مالك أن رسول الله أمر برأس الحسن والحسين يوم سابعهما فحلقا وتصدق بوزنه فضة 
 وقال عبد الرزاق أخبرنا ابن جريج قال سمعت محمد بن علي يقول كانت فاطمة ابنة رسول الله لا يولد لها ولد إلا أمرت بحلق رأسه وتصدقت بوزن شعره ورقا 

أسال الله لك التوفيق والبركة والسداد ... 



Compiled and Translated by Mūsá Richardson

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Tags: Children, Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar Bazmūl , Charity

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